Ecobank Ghana Limited (EBG.gh) listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2007 annual report.For more information about Ecobank Ghana Limited (EBG.gh) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Ecobank Ghana Limited (EBG.gh) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Ecobank Ghana Limited (EBG.gh) 2007 annual report.Company ProfileEcobank Ghana Limited is a financial institution offering banking products and services for the consumer, commercial, corporate and investment sectors. The company provides banking solutions for government departments, financial institutions, multi-nationals, international organisations, small- and medium-sized enterprises and individuals. Ecobank Ghana Limited offers an extensive product offering; ranging from current and savings accounts to business accounts, term deposits, personal loans, mortgage loans, microfinance and business loans. Ecobank Ghana Limited also offers financial solutions for value-chain financing, short-term and mid-term finance and trade finance as well as investment banking, mergers and acquisitions, structure and project finance, capital market services, wealth and asset management, securities brokerage, custodial services and electronic banking services. Ecobank Ghana Limited is a subsidiary of Ecobank Transnational Incorporated. Its headquarters are in Acca, Ghana. Ecobank Ghana Limited is listed on the Ghana Stock Exchange
Phoenix Beverages Limited (PBL.mu) listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius under the Beverages sector has released it’s 2009 annual report.For more information about Phoenix Beverages Limited (PBL.mu) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Phoenix Beverages Limited (PBL.mu) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Phoenix Beverages Limited (PBL.mu) 2009 annual report.Company ProfilePhoenix Beverages Limited is a Mauritian company that produces bottles and distributes alcoholic and non- alcoholic brews. Under the company’s production line, there are numerous renowned brands represented. With brands such as Guinness Foreign Extra Stout, Malta Guinness and Smirnoff Ice, Coca-Cola, Fanta, Sprite, Schweppes, Dasani and Crystal table water, being produced and sold by the company under the respective contract agreements. The company is headquartered in Phoenix, Mauritius Phoenix and operates as a subsidiary of Phoenix Investment Company Limited. Phoenix Beverages Limited is listed on the Stock Exchange of Mauritius.
FBN Holdings Plc (FBNH.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Financial sector has released it’s 2017 interim results for the third quarter.For more information about FBN Holdings Plc (FBNH.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the FBN Holdings Plc (FBNH.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: FBN Holdings Plc (FBNH.ng) 2017 interim results for the third quarter.Company ProfileFBN Holdings Plc is a leading financial services institution in Nigeria offering banking products and services for the commercial, corporate, investment and merchant banking sectors. The company also offers insurance products for individual and corporate clients and other financial services for merchant banking, asset management, investment and general trading, private equity, financial intermediation services, trusteeship, portfolio management and discount house services for individual and corporate clients. The Insurance division underwrites life and general insurance products and offers insurance brokerage services. FBN Holdings Limited was founded in 1894 and today operates in 874 business locations in 12 countries. Its company head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. FBN Holdings Plc was founded in 1894 and is based in Lagos, Nigeria. FBN Holdings Plc is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchang
Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Harvey Jones | Friday, 26th February, 2021 | More on: AAL RMV Image source: Getty Images. The Rightmove share price doesn’t tempt me. I’d rather buy this FTSE 100 stock See all posts by Harvey Jones Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Enter Your Email Address The Rightmove (LSE: RMV) share price has stumped during the pandemic, even while the UK property market has been going gangbusters. It has fallen 3.5% this morning at the time of writing, after reporting a 29% drop in full-year revenue to £205.7m.This was largely down to the FTSE 100-listed property portal giving estate agency and housebuilding customers discounts to see them through April to September last year. Operating profits fell 37% to £135.1m, with margins shrinking from 74% in 2019 to 66% in 2020.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…The Rightmove share price is still up an impressive 54% over five years, but the future looks bumpy and the stock is expensive.Property up, portal downRightmove’s generous share buybacks totalled £148.8m but were put on pause in the pandemic, and investors got just £30.1m in 2020. On the plus side, they will resume next month. The dividend is already back, with a final payout of 4.5p. Customers have been loyal, with membership down just 3%. The site still boasts more than one million UK residential properties, up 100,000 on last year, more than any other portal.The Rightmove share price could get a boost if Chancellor Rishi Sunak extends the stamp duty holiday in next week’s Budget as most people expect, which should delay or prevent a sharp housing market slowdown.Management no doubt made the right decision by giving customers discounts to keep them sweet, and will hopefully be rewarded if and when normality returns. However, I think the Rightmove share price will come under added pressure if employment rises sharply after furlough. With the stock trading at 32.3 times forecast earnings, it looks too expensive for me.Commodity supercycle dawnsRight now, I would prefer to buy a company with stronger growth and income prospects, and there seem to be plenty around in the mining sector. The Anglo American (LSE: AAL) share price jumped 3.94% yesterday after it posted better-than-expected full-year profits and hiked its dividend. EBITDA earnings did fall 2% to $9.8bn, but that was better than the $9.4bn total that investors had anticipated.Other numbers were even more positive. Anglo American lifted the final dividend 53% to 72p a share, while rising commodity prices generated enough cash to pay down $2bn off its net debt, reducing the total to $5.6bn. The De Beers owner recovered from falling diamond sales in the first half, with consumer demand for jewellery improving in China, and even the US. Iron ore and copper demand is strong.Rightmove share price doesn’t tempt meIf the global economy explodes out of lockdown and we enjoy another ‘roaring twenties’, this £38bn mining giant could benefit. That is a big if, of course. If today’s lockdowns are extended due to mutant Covid variants, demand could slump.My other worry is that the Anglo American share price has flown so high that it will be hard to maintain the momentum. It is now up an incredible 599% over five years, and 46% over 12 months. Yet it trades at just 8.2 times forecast earnings. That tempts me far more than today’s fragile Rightmove share price. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Harvey Jones has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Rightmove. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors.
ArchDaily Projects Save this picture!Courtesy of A-cero+ 50 Share Architects: A-cero Year Completion year of this architecture project Three Level House In Madrid / A-cero Three Level House In Madrid / A-ceroSave this projectSaveThree Level House In Madrid / A-cero 2010 CopyAbout this officeA-ceroOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesDabasMadridHouses3D ModelingSpainPublished on April 07, 2011Cite: “Three Level House In Madrid / A-cero” 07 Apr 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021.
March 12, 2021 Find out more News February 3, 2021 Find out more Organisation News Read in Arabic (بالعربية)Two journalists working for US-funded Al-Hurra TV went missing in Aleppo exactly a month ago today, on 20 August. Only one has since given any sign of life. It was Cüneyt Ünal, a Turkish cameraman who was seen in footage broadcast by the pro-government TV station Al-Ikhbariya on 27 August. Looking tired, with bruises under both eyes and clearly speaking under duress, he accused himself of having been escorted during some of the fighting by persons of foreign origin “who were all carrying a weapon.” Accompanying armed men while covering a war is not new and, for a journalist, is certainly not evidence of crime.His Al-Hurra colleague, Jordanian reporter Bashar Fahmi Al-Kadumi, is being held by Syrian pro-government forces, according to his brother. The Syrian information ministry nonetheless issued a statement on 4 September denying that he is being held by the Syrian authorities. So where is he? Someone is lying. Telling lies in wartime is not new either, but this is like getting facts from a black hole.Syria’s cities have become a Bermuda triangle for journalists. US freelancer Austin Tice has been missing since 13 August, when he disappeared in a Damascus suburb while reporting for the Washington Post, Al-Jazeera English and McClatchy. According to the ambassador of the Czech Republic, which represents US interests in Syria, Tice is being held by pro-government forces. But the Syrian government refuses to confirm this, although pressed by the US State Department. Journalists used to be taken hostage in order to make demands. Are they now being kidnapped in Damascus just to remove unwanted witnesses from war zones, just as certain well-known faces used to be removed from photos in Moscow?And where are the 31 Syrian journalists and citizen-journalists currently being held by the regime? Their arbitrary detention in unknown locations is tantamount to enforced disappearances. Where are Mazen Darwish, the head of the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression (SCM), Hussein Ghreir, a blogger arrested along with Darwish during a raid on the SCM in February, and Ali Mahmoud Othman, the head of the Media Centre in the Homs district of Bab Amr, who was arrested on 28 March?Similarly, there has been no word since mid-August of Ahmed Sattouf, the Homs-based correspondent of Iran’s Arabic-language TV station Al-Alam and the Syrian pro-government TV station Al-Ikhbariya, or of Talal Janbakeli, a cameraman with the Syrian government TV station, who was kidnapped by a Free Syrian Army militia in Damascus on 5 August.The Assad regime, like the Free Syrian Army and the other components of the opposition, need to realise that making journalists disappear in order to hide what is going on serves no purpose. It just sheds an even harsher light on all the disappearances of men, women and children that are taking place in the course of this war. Receive email alerts Follow the news on Syria to go further SyriaMiddle East – North Africa Help by sharing this information Wave of Kurdish arrests of Syrian journalists Toll of ten years of civil war on journalists in Syria Damascus TV presenter arrested under cyber-crime law September 20, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Vicious circle of disappearing journalists News March 8, 2021 Find out more News SyriaMiddle East – North Africa RSF_en
Community News Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday The Cityâ€™s Department of Transportation and Zipcar, Inc., a leading car-sharing network, are partnering to introduce 20 new Zipcars at 10 new locations throughout town to provide the public with increased access to affordable transportation options.Two Zipcars will be available in reserved parking spots at or near 10 locations in Pasadenaâ€™s popular business districts, including South Lake Avenue, Playhouse District, Old Pasadena and select Metro Gold Line stations. Using Zipcars as an alternative to buying and maintaining personal automobiles can help reduce traffic congestion, exhaust emissions and parking demand.Zipcar locations include:â€¢ City Hall at Holly Street and Garfield Avenueâ€¢ Del Mar Gold Line Station at Arroyo Parkway and Cordova Streetâ€¢ Sierra Madre Villa Gold Line Station at Foothill Boulevard and Halstead Streetâ€¢ Green Street and De Lacey Avenueâ€¢ Pasadena City College at North Bonnie Avenue and Colorado Boulevardâ€¢ Fair Oaks Ave and Green Streetâ€¢ Westin Hotel at Los Robles Avenue and Walnut Streetâ€¢ Target at Oak Knoll Avenue and Colorado Boulevardâ€¢ Mentor Avenue and Green Streetâ€¢ Del Mar Avenue and Lake Avenueâ€œZipcar is a convenient, low-cost sustainable transportation alternative that has grown considerably in North America during the past 10-plus years,â€ Department of Transportation Director Fred Dock said. â€œOur partnership with Zipcar reflects the Cityâ€™s commitment to improving local transportation options and making Pasadena more accessible to visitors.â€The new Zipcars and locations are in addition to two existing locations at Caltech and the Westgate apartments. For more information about using Zipcar, visit www.zipcar.com.â€œWith studies showing that about one quarter of trips taken by California households are taken via alternative transportation options, weâ€™re experiencing first-hand a trend of people putting down the keys, even Angelenos,â€ said Jeff Shields, general manager of Zipcarâ€™s Los Angeles region.â€œWith increased availability of transit and a health conscious community, this regionâ€™s traditional car culture is changing, opening the door to new options like Zipcar. We look forward to working with the city to grow our service even more,â€ Shield said.Stay connected to the City of Pasadena! Visit us online atÂ www.cityofpasadena.net; follow us on Twitter @PasadenaGov,Â www.twitter.com/pasadenagov, and like us on Facebook atÂ www.facebook.com/cityofpasadena. Or call the Citizen Service Center, 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, at (626)Â 744-7311. 6 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it Government Zipcar Adds 20 New Cars at 10 Pasadena Locations Beginning May 2014 Published on Tuesday, May 13, 2014 | 12:38 pm Make a comment Business News Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena HerbeautyUnapologetic Celebs Women AdoreHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyKeep Your Skin Flawless With These Indian Beauty RemediesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyVictoria’s Secret Model’s Tips For Looking Ultra SexyHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty5 Things To Avoid If You Want To Have Whiter TeethHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeauty First Heatwave Expected Next Week EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Community News Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPasadena Public WorksPasadena Water and PowerPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Top of the News Subscribe More Cool Stuff Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m.
News Updates”Love Knows No Bound Has Expanded Its Bounds To Include Same-Sex Relationships”: Orissa HC Allows Same-Sex Live-In Couple To Stay Together [Read Judgment] Sparsh Upadhyay25 Aug 2020 7:49 AMShare This – xThe Orissa High Court on Monday (24th August) allowed the petition of a 24-year-old woman to get back her same-sex partner who was forcibly separated from her by the partner’s (Rashmi) Mother and Uncle.The Bench of Justices S. K. Mishra & Savitri Ratho was hearing the matter; however, the Justices went out to write separate but concurrent orders allowing the woman to stay with her…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Orissa High Court on Monday (24th August) allowed the petition of a 24-year-old woman to get back her same-sex partner who was forcibly separated from her by the partner’s (Rashmi) Mother and Uncle.The Bench of Justices S. K. Mishra & Savitri Ratho was hearing the matter; however, the Justices went out to write separate but concurrent orders allowing the woman to stay with her same-sex partner (Rashmi).Background of the caseThe petitioner in the present matter originally belonging to female gender had exercised his rights of self-gender determination and preferred to be addressed as ‘he/his’.Therefore, the court recognized the petitioner’s right to be treated like a male and referred him as he/him/his throughout the proceedings of the case.This ruling emanates from an application filed under Article 226 and 227 of the Constitution of India, 1950 in which the petitioner-Chinmayee Jena, aged about 24 years had approached the Court with the grievance that his life partner “Rashmi” (not the original name, which is withheld) had been forcibly taken away by her mother and uncle, i.e. Opposite Party Nos. 5 and 6.In fact, while they were residing so, in a live-in relationship (both having attained the age of majority), on 09.04.2020, the mother and uncle of the petitioner’s partner (Rashmi) came to the house of the petitioner and forcibly and against her will took the petitioner’s partner against her will.The petitioner, therefore, prayed for issuance of a writ of Habeas Corpus directing opposite parties to produce his partner of the petitioner before the Court and to pass appropriate orders.The arguments before the courtDuring the course of the hearing, the learned counsel for the petitioner urged that both the petitioner and his life partner (Rashmi) are major and have been enjoying consensual relationship since, 2017.The learned counsel for the petitioner relied upon the joint affidavit by the petitioner and Rashmi which was sworn before the Executive Magistrate, Bhubaneswar on 16.03.2020 and contents of the writ petition, argued that both of them fell in love with each other in 2011. Thereafter, they decided to stay together.It was further contended that in the provisions of ‘Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005’, the legislature has acknowledged the live-in relationship by giving rights and privileges.Therefore, the learned counsel for the petitioner contended that even if the parties, who are living together in a ‘live-in relationship’ though they belong to the same gender, are not competent to enter into wedlock, but still, they have got a right to live together even outside the wedlock.While admitting that the legal position has been set at rest by judgments passed by the Hon’ble Supreme Court on the rights of the individuals belonging to the same gender, the learned counsel for the Opposite Party No. 5 (the Mother) and 6 (the Uncle) had expressed his concern about the well-being of the daughter of the Opposite Party No.5.The counsel prayed that, if any order is passed in favour of the petitioner, and then appropriate safeguards should be given to the petitioner’s partner for her well-being and safety.On the other hand, recognizing the right of persons belonging to the same gender for a live-in relationship, the Addl. Government Advocate submitted that the state is willing to carry out any orders passed by this Court.It may be noted that the division bench had, on 17th August; interacted with the ‘victim woman’ (Rashmi) whereby she categorically stated that she wants to join the petitioner without any further delay. The observations of Justice S. K. MishraWhile referring to the judgment of the Supreme Court in the case of National Legal Services Authority vs. Union of India and others, (2014) 5 SCC 438 and Anuj Garg vs. Hotel Association of India, (2008) 3 SCC 1 , Justice Mishra concluded that it is evident that all humans have the universal right of enjoyment of human rights, the right to equality and non-discrimination, the right to recognition before the law, right to life, the right to privacy and right to treatment with humanity while in detention etc.Justice Mishra further acknowledged the fact that there cannot be social reforms till it is ensured that each and every citizen of the country is able to exploit his/her potentials to the maximum.Justice Mishra also referred to the judgment of the Supreme Court in the case of Navtej Singh Johar v. Union of India, AIR 2018 SC 4321, the case which held that Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, which penalizes self-same couples, transgresses Article 14, 15, 19 and 21 of the Constitution of India.It may be noted that among other things, the case further held that Section 377 of the IPC, in so far as it criminalises consensual sexual conduct between two adults of the same sex is unconstitutional.Justice Mishra said,”There is hardly any scope to take a view other than holding that the petitioner has the right of self-determination of sex/gender and also he has the right to have a live-in relationship with a person of his choice even though such person may belong to the same gender as the petitioner.”Therefore, the bench allowed the writ application and directed that the petitioner and the daughter of the Opposite Party No.5 have the right to decide their sexual preferences including the right to stay as live-in partners.The Court further held that,”The State shall provide all kind of protection to them, which are enshrined in Part-III of the Constitution of India, which includes the right to life, right to equality before the law and equal protection of the law. Hence, we direct the Opposite Party No.2 to clear the way by taking appropriate administrative/police action to facilitate Rashmi to join the society of the petitioner.”However, the court also took note of the apprehensions of the mother of the girl. Hence, the court further directed that the petitioner shall take all good care of the lady as long as she is residing with him and that the Opposite Party Nos. 5 and 6 and the sister of the lady would be allowed to have a communication with her both over the phone or otherwise.The court further said that “the lady shall have all the rights of a woman as enshrined under the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005.”The observations of Justice Savitri RathoWhile agreeing with his reasoning and ultimate conclusion of the case, Justice Ratho remarked that this is an unusual case, and along with the rights of the two individuals who have exercised their right to live together, the interest of two other individuals will be affected because of the mind-set of the society they live in, thus, Justice Ratho wished to supplement the same with some reasons and observations.Justice Ratho was of the view that law is a reflection of current social values or norms. Social norms undergo change with time and law keeps abreast with the same Courts recognize these changes and rule on the same.Notably, she said”The oft-quoted maxim – love knows no bound has expanded its bounds to include same-sex relationships. A reading of the Supreme Court judgments will indicate that individual rights have to be balanced with social expectations and norms. The freedom of choice is therefore available to the two individuals in this case who have decided to have a relationship and live together and society should support their decision.” (emphasis supplied)Justice Ratho acknowledged the fact that taking the mind-set of the society in which the mother of Rashmi lives, and which is embodied in the mind-set of herself, it will take some time for her to accept the decision of Rashmi.Justice Ratho further said that on account of the possibility of social stigma or mental turmoil caused to them, Rashmi’s right to select her life partner, cannot be stifled or negated.However, as she noted, while recognizing the right of Rashmi, this Court cannot remain oblivious to the pain and tribulations of the mother and sister who have to live in society.In this context, Justice Ratho observed,”Therefore, while exercising her right to reside with the partner of her choice, Rashmi should not forget her duty towards her mother and younger sister i.e. to look after their financial, social and emotional well-being.”Justice Ratho also observed,”While exercising her right to reside with the partner of her choice, Rashmi should not forget her duty towards her mother and younger sister i.e. to look after their financial, social and emotional well-being.” (emphasis supplied)Lastly, Justice Ratho was of the view that the Legislature has, of course, recognized the the financial plight of parents and a senior citizen who are often neglected by their offspring by enacting the “The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007” whose provisions of which can be invoked by Opp party No 5 (the Mother) if the need arises.On the other hand, Justice Ratho also made it clear that the Opp Parties No 5 and 6 should not create problems in the life of petitioner and Rashmi.Also, it was made clear that the petitioner apart from taking care of Rashmi should not compel or coerce Rashmi to leave the society of the petitioner against her will.Consequently, Justice Ratho observed,”We hope and trust that the petitioner and his partner Rashmi will lead a happy and harmonious life so that their family members have no cause for worry and society has no excuse to raise a finger at them.”Case Details: Case Title: Chinmayee Jena @ Sonu Krishna Jena v. State of Odisha & othersCase No.: Writ Petition (Criminal) No. 57 of 2020Quorum: Justice S. K. Mishra & Justice Savitri RathoAppearance: Advocates Clara D’ Souza, S. Soren and H. B. Dash (for the Petitioner); Addl. Govt. Advocate Saswata Pattnaik (for O.P. Nos. 1 to 4); Advocate Arun Kumar Budhia (for O.P. Nos. 5 & 6)Click Here To Download Judgment[Read Judgment] Next Story
Members of the HSP70 gene family comprising the inducible (HSP70) genes and GRP78 (glucose-regulated protein 78 kDa) were identified in an Antarctic sea star (Odontaster validus) and an Antarctic gammarid (Paraceradocus gibber). These genes were surveyed for expression levels via Q-PCR after an acute 2-hour heat shock experiment in both animals and a time course assay in O. validus. No significant up-regulation was detected for any of the genes in either of the animals during the acute heat shock. The time course experiment in O. validus produced slightly different results with an initial down regulation in these genes at 2°C, but no significant up-regulation of the genes either at 2 or 6°C. Therefore, the classical heat shock response is absent in both species. The data is discussed in the context of the organisms’ thermal tolerance and the applicability of HSP70 to monitor thermal stress in Antarctic marine organisms.