The fabled intelligence of the crow has been tested, and the crows passed. Bird and Emery tested an old Aesop fable and were amazed:In Aesop’s fable The Crow and the Pitcher, a thirsty crow uses stones to raise the level of water in a pitcher and quench its thirst. A number of corvids have been found to use tools in the wild, and New Caledonian crows appear to understand the functional properties of tools and solve complex physical problems via causal and analogical reasoning. The rook, another member of the corvid family that does not appear to use tools in the wild, also appears able to solve non-tool-related problems via similar reasoning. Here, we present evidence that captive rooks are also able to solve a complex problem by using tools. We presented four captive rooks with a problem analogous to Aesop’s fable: raising the level of water so that a floating worm moved into reach. All four subjects solved the problem with an appreciation of precisely how many stones were needed. Three subjects also rapidly learned to use large stones over small ones, and that sawdust cannot be manipulated in the same manner as water. This behavior demonstrates a flexible ability to use tools, a finding with implications for the evolution of tool use and cognition in animals.Science Daily reported on the story. The BBC News report includes a video of a rook quickly solving the problem after examining the situation and appearing to “think” about it.1. Christopher David Bird and Nathan John Emery, “Rooks Use Stones to Raise the Water Level to Reach a Floating Worm,” Current Biology, 06 August 2009, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.07.033.Aesop may have been a better naturalist than we expected. OK, here are the “implications for the evolution of tool use and cognition in animals.” Humans evolved from crows, and apes are degenerate humans who drank too much Old Crow for millions of years. Enjoy watching the birds in your yard – even the plain old black, raucous-sounding crows. They may be watching back. Nevermore will corvids be considered birdbrains.(Visited 15 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
South Africa’s National Youth Development Agency has launched the Ithubalentsha Micro Enterprise Programme, which will provide young aspirant and established entrepreneurs with training, mentorship, micro-enterprise finance, market linkages and access to business opportunities. Focus is on experienced entrepreneurs, business consultants, middle or senior managers, retired professionals, and life/business coaches. Call for volunteers While the programme is aimed at young aspirant and established South African entrepreneurs between the ages of 18 and 35, preferences will be given to young people in rural and peri-urban areas and to those living with disabilities. It says all these factors combined often become entry barriers to business or result in a high failure rate among start-up businesses initiated by young entrepreneurs. In addition, an appeal is being made to public and private organisations to avail business opportunities such as procurement, retail and distribution, acquisition of equity stakes and others. 29 February 2012 Among those who have come onboard are successful NYDA and Ithubalentsha ambassadors: Rita Zwane, owner of Imbizo Buy & Braai (popularly known as Busy Corner), author and activist for people with disabilities, Nenio Mbazima, and Zibusiso Mkhwanazi, CEO of South African digital marketing agency, KrazyBoyz Digital. SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material According to statistics, an estimated 73% of South Africa’s youth, who make up 42% of the country’s population, are unemployed – a reality that needs to be addressed if the country is to effectively eradicate poverty, he said. According to the agency, young entrepreneurs face several barriers including lack of finance to start or expand their businesses, inadequate mentorship and business opportunities, and lack of business management and other appropriate skills. For more information about Ithubalentsha Micro-Enterprise Programme and how to get involved, potential mentors and young entrepreneurs can visit the NYDA website at www.nyda.gov.za or e-mail email@example.com. “What the programme aims to achieve is to give young entrepreneurs the exposure that they need to succeed by facilitating access to mentors and business opportunities in both public and private sectors, while also empowering them with the relevant skills and start-up loans ranging from R1 000 to R100 000,” explained NYDA chief executive Steven Ngubeni in a statement last week. “We believe that the Ithubalentsha Programme will go a long way in creating direct and sustainable employment for young people thereby alleviating the scourge of youth unemployment, which is a major concern to the NYDA.” This is especially the case with for young people in rural and peri-urban areas, as well as young people with disabilities. “The NYDA recognises that it cannot do this alone. South Africa is what it is today because of the power of partnerships and what they can achieve,” said Ngubeni. “We want to partner with the public and private sector and South Africans in general to make the Ithubalentsha Micro Enterprise Programme effective.” The agency is calling on South Africans experienced in the areas of leadership, management and business to volunteer to be mentors. The programme seeks to address this through five key areas: identification and technical training, entrepreneurship training, micro-enterprise finance, business mentorship and business opportunities and market linkages.
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest As a suburban dweller with a whitetail deer population, neighbors who know that I like to hunt frequently advise “just come over to my place if you want to see a big deer” and are dismayed when I politely decline their offer. Others question just how challenging a task it is to shoot an animal that beds in backyards and dines in flowerbeds while showing little fear of the folks who provide such habitat. To those who I think might understand, I let my neighbors know that the urban population of deer we support and citify with our gardens and parklands is a far cry from the wild whitetails that I pursue each autumn across rural Ohio. And to those who balk when they spy their camo-clad neighbor loading a bow or a shotgun into his truck, I simply smile and head for the outer-belt and beyond, making a beeline for places where I am pitting my hunting skills against an animal that is widely regarded as one of the most challenging of all big game to hunt. That is, when and where allowed to be wild.In both urban and rural settings, conflicts erupt between the wild things most of us appreciate and the lifestyles and places we have adopted as home. To learn more about how to handle such interactions, consider attending — or sending a community representative — to the annual Living with Wildlife conference, detailed below.Meanwhile, the whitetail rut peaks about now and we all know what that means in terms of deer/auto interactions. No matter the setting, urban, suburban or rural, keep your eyes open and be extra alert while driving early and late in the day for whitetails that will be on the move no matter where they live, following some wild instincts that know no boundaries. Living with Wildlife and Resolving Conflicts ConferenceOn Tuesday, Nov. 15, Ohio community leaders will gather for a day-long conference focused on the role of local government in managing human-wildlife conflicts. The Ohio Community Wildlife Cooperative Conference 2016 will be held from 8:30 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. at the Nationwide and Ohio Farm Bureau 4-H Center, 2201 Fred Taylor Drive on the OSU campus in Columbus.This year’s topics include:• Urban coyote conflict resolution for communities with Stan Gehrt, OSU Extension• Wildlife conflicts — Real vs. perceived with Jon Cepek, Cleveland Metroparks• Trapping nuisance wildlife with Eric Arnold, Wildlife Control Training Group• Goose Management with Greg Miller, City of Solon• Deer sterilization with Robert Rack & Laurie Briggs, Clifton Deer Sterilization Working Group• Deer management – Implementation and city examples with Geoff Westerfield, Ohio Division of Wildlife.For a free parking permit and more information on the wildlife conference, call 614-292-4444.Pheasants releasedThe last rounds of pheasant releases of roosters stocked annually each autumn at two dozen public hunting areas will take place after legal shooting time the evenings of Nov. 3, 11, and 23. The releases begin late each October prior to youth upland hunting weekends and continue until late November to provide hunting opportunities for pheasants during the Thanksgiving holiday weekend. More information on release dates, locations and bird numbers can be found at wildohio.gov.
MOST READ BaliPure holds off Creamline, nears championship berth Coaching breakMarielle finally got her break this year coaching the Under-16 team in the AFF Championship in Vientiane, Laos. Under the guidance of one of the icons of women’s football in the country, the girls blitzed through the group stage and delivered a memorable 3-2 victory against Myanmar in the semifinals. Against the powerhouse Thais, Marielle’s wards succumbed to a 2-6 defeat in the finals.“There was a lot of fulfillment watching the girls improve from the first day of the tryouts until the end of the tournament,” says Benitez. “It’s not just about coaching these girls, but also giving them life lessons, too.”It didn’t come as a surprise that Benitez was able to steer a team to a second-place finish on her coaching debut. For one, some of her players had experience with the Under-14 team in an AFC tournament last year. But as much as she deflects credit to other coaches like Landagan and Patrice Impelido, there’s little doubt that Benitez’s passion for excellence and work ethic has rubbed off on her team.“I didn’t have enough experience as head coach, but the other coaches were very supportive,” says Marielle. “We knew we wouldn’t be starting from scratch, plus we had some unfinished business against Thailand.”ADVERTISEMENT View comments Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR While the girls ultimately fell short, the runner-up finish validates the country’s sustained improvement in women’s football, which is enjoying a renaissance in the past few years, highlighted by the national women’s team’s qualification for the AFC Asian Cup in Jordan next year.Passionate about football“I may be very new to coaching since it’s a different aspect of football, but I like the challenge. I like to be kept on my toes figuring things out,” says Marielle. “I’m happy that even if we didn’t win the championship, the girls I coached became more passionate about football and appreciated all the hard work that comes with representing the country.Marielle knows what she’s talking about. As a national player, she showed steadfast commitment despite her involvement with Bayanihan. She would attend Bayanihan rehearsals at night at the Cultural Center of the Philippines and wake up early the next morning to join St. Benilde’s men’s team in training to improve her fitness since the team was also handled by then women’s national coach Marlon Maro.“I’m lucky to have coaches who have been supportive of what I’ve been doing,” says Marielle, the second of three children of former Bayanihan dancers Noel and Susie Benitez.Marielle draws parallelisms to what she’s doing in football with dance. “Both require discipline, sacrifice and patience,” she says. “Both things are challenging physically, emotionally and mentally. Training in football can go for two hours maximum, but in dance you can go one hour to six hours, depending on the difficulty of the routine. Precision is important. Dance also teaches teamwork. Both require the same focus.”The balancing act will continue for Marielle as she furthers her coaching career, while pursuing her other interests. But count on her to fulfill her roles with the same drive and passion that has been the hallmark of an already amazing career.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next BSP survey: PH banks see bright horizon amid dark global recession clouds Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss PLAY LIST 02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Cayetano dares Lacson, Drilon to take lie-detector test: Wala akong kinita sa SEA Games Palace: Duterte to hear out security execs on alleged China control of NGCP BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast LATEST STORIES Every 18 seconds someone is diagnosed with HIV With the AFF Under-15 silver medal in the bag, Marielle Benitez (fourth from left) celebrates with (from left) physical therapist Mae Pongase,head of delegation Lalaine Sarmiento, assistant coaches Joyce Landagan and Patrice Impelido and goalkeeping coach Eleonora Dillera. —PHOTOS COURTESY OF MIA MONTAYREFormer women’s national football team skipper Marielle Benitez wears many hats. On this day, she’s at the Philippine Football Federation office as a coach, evaluating a recent international campaign where her squad achieved a silver-medal finish.On some days, she’s on the campus of the Philippine Women’s University, sorting out the varsity teams’ requirements for a competition as the university’s athletic director. The following week, she can be anywhere else in the world, performing and touring as a member of the Bayanihan Dance Group, the country’s national traditional dance troupe. There are also days when you’ll find her on television, doing commentary for football matches.ADVERTISEMENT BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. “I’m someone who finds joy in doing new things everyday,” says Marielle, 35.The juggling act isn’t new to Marielle, who, from 2003 to 2013, represented the country in international football. In fact, she’s mastered the art of managing her time amid her myriad interests. So when the PFF was searching for women’s coaches to make up the youth teams, Marielle was a natural choice.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutShe’s a member of La Salle’s four champion teams in five UAAP seasons and also bagged the Athlete of the Year plum in 2004, the first time the league gave the award to an athlete in a team sport. She has played close to 60 international matches for the country.Coaching was a natural transition for Marielle, but surprisingly, there was a lot of apprehension on her part when the PFF appointed her to be part of the staff for the Under-14 team two years ago. Pretty soon, however, the concerns went away as she naturally blended in with the staff, led by coach Joyce Landagan.