first_imgA West Donegal man had charges against him dismissed after Gardai could not prove the postbox in which they left a summons belonged to him!Letterkenny court.Anthony Boyle of Mulladuff, Kincasslagh appeared at Letterkenny District Court to answer the charges of using a mobile phone while driving. However Mr Boyle, 48, claimed he never received the summons.Gardai told the court that they went to serve the summons on Boyle on November 23rd last and had asked the local postman where Boyle lived.He pointed to a house where he claimed he had left letters for Boyle before.The Garda witness said he saw the offending car, a 1996 registered Toyota Corrolla, parked beside the house and letters with Anthony Boyle’s name in the postbox.The alleged incident happened when Boyle was stopped by Garda Elaine Gordon in Letterkenny on June 20th, 2013 at Kiltoy, Letterkenny.However the accused man’s solicitor said he was denying the receiving the summons and actually lived a few doors down.Boyle gave evidence that he did park his car at the house because he had no parking at his own dwelling and had received permission to park at the house from the owner who lives in Scotland.He also denied that any letters had ever been left at the postbox where he parked his car.He said his post was delivered underneath his door at his house.At one stage Garda Inspector Michael Harrison told Judge Paul Kelly that he had no option but to adjourn the case and ask for the postman to give evidence.However, after considering the case Judge Kelly said the Garda had been very fair in the case and said the postman had only pointed in the direction of the house where Boyle was alleged to have lived.He struck out the case against Boyle.CHARGE DISMISSED AS GARDAI FAIL TO FOLLOW ‘LETTER’ OF THE LAW was last modified: May 19th, 2014 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Anthony BoyledonegalKINCASSLAGHMulladuffPostboxlast_img read more

Where Do Gems and Precious Metals Come From?

first_imgGold, diamonds, and other precious metals and gems… they are found close to the surface of the earth where humans can mine them and make jewelry.  But they shouldn’t be there.  Heavy elements should have sunk deep into the core of the Earth soon after it was formed.  Wait till you hear some of the latest ideas about how precious metals and gems arrived near the surface.  Maybe they shot up from the mantle.  Maybe they came from outer space. The fact is, geologists and planetary scientists don’t really understand why we have rare precious stones so accessible for man.  PhysOrg printed an article entitled, “Tackling mysteries about carbon, possible oil formation and more deep inside Earth.”  It’s about the Deep Carbon Observatory project destined to answer fundamental questions about the Earth’s interior.  Inside you will learn about how diamonds the size of potatoes shoot up from the mantle at 40 miles per hour, believe it or not.  However it happens, it’s convenient for miners, who otherwise would have to dig really, really deep holes to supply the wedding ring market. MSNBC posted an article about where gold comes from.  “There’s gold in them thar meteorites!” the headline blazes.  Jessica Marshall tells us, “Rocks pummeled Earth about 3.9 billion years ago, delivering precious metals.”  Gold, platinum, iridium, nickel, and tungsten are attracted to iron and should have followed it into the molten Earth’s core, she explained.  Meteorites to the rescue!  They came from space.  That’s right: “All the precious metals that we find today — and probably also water — have been introduced to the accessible Earth from these late-stage meteorites.”  Maybe they even brought life!  Figure that suggestion out after reading that the bombardment was probably “a terrible event for life” that “probably would have melted the planet, blown off any existing atmosphere.” Marshall used the new theory to bolster an old idea called the Late Heavy Bombardment.  She reported a new study about tungsten isotope measurements to support the idea of a swarm of big meteors hitting Earth and the moon 3.8 and 4 billion years ago, but the obvious subtext is the ignorance of geologists about earth history.  “Geologists have posed several theories to explain this puzzle,” she noted about precious metals.  Careful reading shows the Late Heavy Bombardment to be only an idea, a suggestion.  Interesting as isotope comparisons are, they don’t provide a time machine.  And saying that the age of Earth’s tungsten matches the dates of craters on the moon calibrates two questionable dates against each other.  Nothing in the article provides evidence that meteorites are made of gold.  It seems to move the question of the origin of precious metals from one body to another. When all else fails, bring in a meteorite.  When you can’t explain the moon, bring in a Mars-size meteorite to blast the Earth.  When you can’t explain Earth’s oceans, imagine a giant water balloon comet to bring it special delivery.  Meteor crashes are too convenient; they are the imaginary can openers that open any can for the hungry hobos.  “Assume a can opener” makes the rest easy.  Assume a meteor.  Need water?  Bring in a water meteor or comet.  Need gold?  Send in a gold meteor.  Imaginary theory-saving devices to the rescue!  Try that with your credit card debt.(Visited 425 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Taking HIV testing to the masses

first_imgRay Maota A Doctors Without Borders counsellor tests a woman for HIV.(Image: Doctors Without Borders)MEDIA CONTACTS• Kate RibetMSF: Communications Officer+27 11 403 4440RELATED ARTICLES• Software speeds HIV diagnosis• HIV-testing drive for SA students• SA triage system to go global• New centres to help fight HIV in KZNOver the past few decades the world has become well acquainted with the scourge that is HIV and the disease borne from it, Aids. Sub-Saharan Africa, within which South Africa falls, has been the focus of awareness campaigns, because this region bears the world’s heaviest Aids burden.A 2010 study by international Aids charity Avert showed that over 22-million infected people, out of 34-million worldwide, lived in the region.As the South African government’s HIV/Aids priorities changed to adapt to the situation, so did its focus move towards encouraging citizens to get tested.The HIV Counselling and Testing Campaign (HCT) – dubbed the government’s most ambitious plan to date – was launched in 2010, and targeted as many as 15-million South Africans for testing. Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi said at the time that the government wanted people to get used to testing and to do it continuously.Taking testing to the peopleWith this in mind, a team of medical professionals belonging to global NGO Doctors Without Borders or Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is providing some reprieve for the state’s over-burdened resources.They’ve set up mobile testing units in Eshowe, a rural area on the east coast in KwaZulu-Natal province, which has the highest infection rate in the country, at 39.5%.The MSF project, which started in April this year, is being rolled out over the next 10 years, according to Kate Ribet, the organisation’s communications officer.The campaign aims to reach as many people as possible in the area, which is home to Eshowe Provincial Hospital, originally built in 1957. While some MSF staff oversees the testing centres, others go on a door-to-door drive to encourage residents to get tested on the spot.“The door-to-door testing is part of an overall MSF community-based project that aims to promote widespread testing, and includes facility or clinic-based testing, mobile stop shop testing, as well as testing at schools.“The teams visit the households and invite all the family members in the house to get tested,” explained Gugu Ngidi, who runs the testing programme on behalf of MSF.For those who test positive, Ngidi added, a driver is at hand to transport the patient to a nurse’s station nearby, where their CD4 count will be determined and counselling provided.CD4 is a glycoprotein found on the surface of immune cells in a human body, and a CD4 count is a measure used by medical professionals to assess the immune system of an HIV-positive patient and to determine the stage of the viral infection as well as the necessary treatment to administer.The goal for the MSF team is to do all of this within a space of 25 to 30 minutes for each case, thus encouraging the community to get tested voluntarily.Ribet said: “Using all these avenues, MSF aims to test 90 000 people in three years, as well as re-test annually all those who test negative. The teams also do TB screenings for those who test HIV-positive and pregnancy tests for the women among them.”Between January and the end of June 2012, 6 086 people were tested, with 449, or 7.4%, testing HIV-positive.Doctors on the sceneDr Ruggero Giuliani, who is originally from Italy and oversees the group’s work in the area, said the goal is to test everybody.“We know that the epidemic is driven by people who don’t know their status,” he explained.He acknowledged that the downside to many people in one area knowing their HIV status, especially if it is positive, is the pressure put on the state’s medical resources in that area to provide treatment and counselling as required by law.“The challenge is that in increasing testing we find more people who are infected and given the existing human resource and facilities, the challenge becomes providing good quality care for all these people,” said Guiliani.To help meet this goal, MSF proposes a community-based model of HIV care where people who’ve been on HIV drug therapy for a long time meet in groups to get their monthly supplies of medication, rather than going separately to make an appointment with a doctor or a nurse.Provincial health authorities accelerated the efforts of the HCT campaign in 2010 by taking testing and counselling services to the people instead of waiting on voluntary testing. Their strategy involves the promotion of medical male circumcision and the integration of TB-HIV services, which will mean that all HIV-positive patients are routinely screened for TB.HIV and South AfricaAccording to Avert, an estimated 5.6-million people were living with HIV/Aids in South Africa in 2009, the highest number in any country. In the same year, an estimated 310 000 deaths related to the disease were recorded in the country.The following year the government launched the nationwide HCT campaign aimed at encouraging people to get tested. The campaign has, since its implementation, had a notable impact on the availability and uptake of HIV testing and treatment.Deputy President Kgalema Motlanthe, speaking at the 19th International Aids Conference in the US in July, said given that South Africa has the highest number of people living with HIV in the world, the global fight against the disease cannot be won without success in South Africa.“In recent times the efforts that we have made, with support from development partners, are starting to bear fruits as evidenced by some of the successes we have seen over the last few years.”Successes of the HCT campaign include a programme that saw as many as 20-million people getting tested across the country, with 1.7-million positive people being put on treatment as a result. Furthermore, the rate of mother-to-child transmission dropped from 8% in 2008 to 3.5% in 2010, and even further in 2011 to 2.7%.“We are still faced with many challenges as we move from the emergency phase of our response to a phase of consolidation, scaling up and sustaining our multi-sectoral approach with a strengthened health system,” said Motlanthe.“This consolidation phase requires a new approach, a new paradigm underpinned by, among others, the principles of global solidarity, mutual accountability and transparency.”last_img read more

Virtual court to deal with traffic challan to be launched today

first_imgDoing away with the need for the litigant to be present in the court and facilitate adjudication of the case online, the Punjab and Haryana High Court will launch its first virtual court on Saturday at Faridabad through videoconferencing.A Punjab and Haryana High Court spokesperson said the court would deal with traffic challan cases from across the State. The project will be launched under the guidance of e-Committee of the Supreme Court of India. The processUnder this project, the cases received in the virtual court can be viewed by the judge along with automatic computation of fines on the screen. After the summon is generated and the accused gets information on email or through a text message, the accused can visit the virtual court website and search the case by CNR Number, his/her name or even with the driving license number. Once the accused pleads guilty online, fine amount will be displayed and accused might proceed to pay the fine. On successful payment and realisation of the fine amount, the case would be automatically disposed of.The spokesperson said if the accused did not plead guilty, such cases would be remanded to the regular courts with the respective territorial jurisdiction. The Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana High Court, Justice Krishna Murarihas shown keen interest in launching the project at the earliest for the benefit of all the stakeholders in the justice delivery system.To reduce burden The virtual court will reduce the burden on regular courts. The entire process of disposal will happen online in a few hours. Footfalls in the courts will reduce as the accused need not visit the court to plead guilty.last_img read more