Half-time: Chelsea 3 Villa 0

first_imgChelsea are on course for a resounding victory at Stamford Bridge.Fernando Torres’ third-minute opener and David Luiz’s free-kick put them firmly in command before Branislav Ivanovic headed in from close range.Torres found the top corner with a cracking 15-yard header from Cesar Azpilicueta’s right-wing cross – his seventh goal in six games.Chelsea then thought they should have been awarded a penalty when Nathan Baker grappled with Torres as the striker attempted to meet a cross from Ashley Cole.It mattered little, as by the 35th minute the Blues were 3-0 up.The free-kick from Luiz was a beauty which gave keeper Brad Guzan no chance, and Ivanovic netted from the rebound after Gary Cahill’s effort had been parried.Luiz is playing in midfield alongside Frank Lampard, who is making his 500th Premier League start.Chelsea: Cech, Azpilicueta, Ivanovic, Cahill, Cole, Luiz, Lampard, Moses, Mata, Hazard, Torres.Subs: Turnbull, Ramires, Oscar, Ferreira, Marin, Piazon, Ake.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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Preparing the World for Aliens

first_imgSome people are so convinced there are alien intelligences in the universe, we should be getting ready to meet them.    The Telegraph, a UK newspaper, reported that NASA has partly financed a creative writing class on “interstellar message composition” at the University of Wyoming.  Professor Jeffrey Lockwood wants to help the 11 students think about what we might say to an alien intelligence.  One student “created a poem about menstruation with syllables arranged in a mathematically harmonious order, known as the Fibonacci sequence.”  The course is being advised by Douglas Vakoch, director of interstellar message composition at the SETI Institute (see 04/17/2008).  Who better than writers, he said, to express the human condition to our stellar neighbors.  “It could be tomorrow that we’ll need to be ready to decide if we reply,” he said.  Don’t expect a lively dialogue, though; each one-way message could take thousands of years.    Over the Rockies at Denver, Jeff Peckman is asking the city council to create an “Extraterrestrial Affairs Commission,” reported the Denver Post.  He believes the federal government is already aware of extraterrestrials and is spending a great deal of taxpayer money to conceal the fact.  Peckman is gathering signatures for a ballot initiative to create an 18-member commission, at the cost of $75,000 a year, to decide on policies for dealing with space beings.  The Rocky Mountain News said that Peckman believes he saw an alien winking through a window on a video of a UFO.Which of these stories is absurd, pseudoscientific and an egregious abuse of taxpayer money?  Pick any two.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Crow Fulfills Aesop Story

first_imgThe fabled intelligence of the crow has been tested, and the crows passed.  Bird and Emery tested an old Aesop fable and were amazed:In Aesop’s fable The Crow and the Pitcher, a thirsty crow uses stones to raise the level of water in a pitcher and quench its thirst.  A number of corvids have been found to use tools in the wild, and New Caledonian crows appear to understand the functional properties of tools and solve complex physical problems via causal and analogical reasoning.  The rook, another member of the corvid family that does not appear to use tools in the wild, also appears able to solve non-tool-related problems via similar reasoning.  Here, we present evidence that captive rooks are also able to solve a complex problem by using tools.  We presented four captive rooks with a problem analogous to Aesop’s fable: raising the level of water so that a floating worm moved into reach.  All four subjects solved the problem with an appreciation of precisely how many stones were needed.  Three subjects also rapidly learned to use large stones over small ones, and that sawdust cannot be manipulated in the same manner as water.  This behavior demonstrates a flexible ability to use tools, a finding with implications for the evolution of tool use and cognition in animals.Science Daily reported on the story.  The BBC News report includes a video of a rook quickly solving the problem after examining the situation and appearing to “think” about it.1.  Christopher David Bird and Nathan John Emery, “Rooks Use Stones to Raise the Water Level to Reach a Floating Worm,” Current Biology, 06 August 2009, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2009.07.033.Aesop may have been a better naturalist than we expected.  OK, here are the “implications for the evolution of tool use and cognition in animals.”  Humans evolved from crows, and apes are degenerate humans who drank too much Old Crow for millions of years.    Enjoy watching the birds in your yard – even the plain old black, raucous-sounding crows.  They may be watching back.  Nevermore will corvids be considered birdbrains.(Visited 15 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Wonders Under the Sea

first_img(Visited 30 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Three ocean creatures have surprised scientists with new discoveries of previously-unknown capabilities.Deep-divers:  Devil rays are among the fastest deep-diving swimmers, scientists at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute found (BBC News).  Previously thought to be surface dwellers, these members of the Mobula ray family surprised scientists when logging devices were attached to the fish (see photo in the article of a scuba diver attaching one with a polespear: it doesn’t harm the animal, but shows how big they are compared to a man).  The devil rays “plunge nearly 2km below the ocean surface, making some of the deepest and fastest dives ever observed in the sea.” Very few fish are known to dive that deep.  The record holder is a mammal, the beaked whale, that can dive almost 3km down.How can their brains stay warm at such depths?  It’s been known for 3 decades that the brains of devil rays contain specialized tissue called rete mirabile, a sponge-like mesh of large and small arteries.  “It was a mystery as to why they had this system, which is a way of keeping brain activity high, even in a cold environment,” one researcher commented.  Now they know why; the fish need warmth when they speed down into the icy depths.  They’re also impressive migrators.  For the 15 months they were monitored, “Devil rays travelled up to 3,800km from the Azores in the North Atlantic” to the coast of Chile.Another stunning photo in the article shows four members of a related ray, the flying bentfin ray, leaping high out of the water as if they are having fun.  In another article about rays, UC Santa Barbara described the work of Doug McCauley, who studies the giant manta rays at Palymra Atoll where they congregate in large numbers.  “There is very little known scientifically about manta rays,” McCauley said, who, working at UCSB’s Department of Evolution, Ecology and Marine Biology, seemed more focused on their ecology than their evolution.Clam with a flash:  Where’s that disco light coming from?  It’s the disco clam, Ctenoides ales, featured on Science Daily.  A video on Live Science shows it in action, flashing its lights to a supplied beat (or watch a shorter clip on Nature News without the music and ads).  Science Daily reports how Lindsey Dougherty, a graduate student at UC Berkeley figured out how it works: “the mirror is actually a highly reflective, densely packed layer of silica spheres a mere 340 nanometers across never before seen in animals.”  Nature News agrees that this appears to be unique in nature as a light-flashing technique; it’s not bioluminescence, and it’s not photonic crystals.  The silica mirrors allow the clams to reflect the whole visible spectrum as white light.  “The researchers do not yet know what purpose the disco clam’s photonics serve.”Whatever its purpose, it could be a trick worth learning. Other ‘animal photonics’ have inspired engineers seeking new ways to manipulate light, and C. ales might do the same. Dougherty is particularly impressed with how well the reflectors work in low light. “There could be biomimicry potential in low-light situations or in environments that are dominated by blue-green wavelengths,” for instance underwater, she says.Octopus genius:  An expert on octopuses (that’s the correct plural form) spoke with National Geographic about the eight-tentacled cephalopods.  Author of the book Octopus! The Most Mysterious Creature in the Sea, Katherine Harmon Courage is clearly jazzed about her subject.  The octopus has a number of amazing traits that seem to defy its evolutionary classification.  For one, the octopus shows evidence of tool use.  It can solve mazes.  It is a master of camouflage.  And it has one of the most advanced eyes of any animal.Speaking of the octopus eye, it is similar in many ways to the human eye, though far from any evolutionary relationship.  Courage, though, was not cowardly about affirming evolution achieved this unexpected convergence: “Our common ancestor was a sightless marine worm, so it’s fascinating to think that from this ancestor so many different types of vision and eye have evolved—and how our eye and the octopus’s eye are so similar.”  Evolution, in fact, is the source of her love for these creatures:I just love that they’re so different from us but seem to be so complex and sophisticated. They have so much to teach us about evolution, about how their brains work, and I think it’s an important exercise for our brains to figure out.She was clearly impressed with all she learned about the creatures.   One of her pet octopuses, named Billy, figured out within an hour how to open a child-proof jar.  Later, Billy remembered how to do it in minutes, indicating a good working memory.  The interviewer noted that some compare octopus brain power to that of dogs.  They’re playful and will make eye contact to check you out, Courage said in response.  “It has really opened my eyes to the possibilities of evolution.”The previous entries on disco clams and devil rays did not mention evolution at all.Not just slime:  Readers of Current Biology’s primer on Algae might be surprised to find out that the term “algae” is not strictly-defined group, but a catch-all category for any “organism carrying out oxygen-producing (oxygenic) photosynthesis that is not a ‘higher plant’.”  Given that broad definition, the diversity of algae is astonishing: everything from cyanobacteria (less than a micrometer) to diatoms (200,000 species) to kelp forests 60 meters long with 14 cell types.  Algae can be colored red, green, blue-green, brown, black, or transparent.  Dinoflagellates are considered algae.  So are the abundant foraminifera that leave shells in vast numbers.  Some use sexual reproduction; others are asexual.  Most grow in water, but some can survive in soil, and the algae that form symbiotic colonies with fungi can grow in the most harsh deserts.  Given this diversity, the word “algae” seems more a lumping term of convenience than a real taxon.Algae deserve better than the slimy reputation they get, John A. Raven and Mario Giordano hasten to tell us:Algae frequently get a bad press. Pond slime is a problem in garden pools, algal blooms can produce toxins that incapacitate or kill animals and humans and even the term seaweed is pejorative — a weed being a plant growing in what humans consider to be the wrong place. Positive aspects of algae are generally less newsworthy — they are the basis of marine food webs, supporting fisheries and charismatic marine megafauna from albatrosses to whales, as well as consuming carbon dioxide and producing oxygen.We use algae for soil conditioning, Petri dish culture, and a source of vitamin supplements.  Algae are being studied as alternative energy sources.  Given that “half of global primary productivity (carbon dioxide assimilation and oxygen production)” comes via algae, we should respect them more.  And surely, anything that can create food from sunlight using the complex process of photosynthesis is really a champion in the global economy.Philip Ball began Nature’s article began in just-so story format, “How the disco clam got its flash,” but failed to deliver a Darwinian tale.  Instead, he inquired “what purpose the disco clam’s photonics serve.”  Didn’t Darwin try to ban teleology from science?The octopus lady didn’t explain how her evolved brain could figure out anything.  Did she ever consider that the thing an octopus “could teach us about evolution” is that evolution is wrong?  “It has really opened my eyes to the possibilities of evolution,” she said.  That’s what Darwin divination does.  It’s like LSD, a mind-expanding, imagination-promoting, escape from reason that causes brain damage.last_img read more

Ordinary South Africans Doing Amazing Things – Jozi Cats Rugby Club

first_imgOrdinary South Africans Doing Amazing Things – Jozi Cats Rugby ClubBrand South Africa’s Play Your Part initiative makes emphasis on inspiring all South Africans to contribute to positive change, get involved and become active citizens, in order to contribute to the National Development Plan’s (NDP) vision 2030. The NDP defines active citizenship as equalising opportunities and enhancing human capabilities. It serves as an action plan for securing the future for all citizens as charted in the Constitution.Jozi Cats are one such example of being on the path of contributing to the Play Your Part mandate of inspiring and encouraging active citizenship. As a registered Non-profit Organisation (NPO), Jozi Cats is Africa’s first gay-inclusive, competitive rugby club, that stands for being a people association first, a sporting organisation second and a community change-maker third.Jozi Cats live and breathe its values at all times, on and off the field to inspire local and global sporting bodies such as the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer or Questioning, and Intersex (LGBTQI*) and GNC (Gender Non-conforming) communities.As Africa’s first gay and inclusive rugby club, Jozi Cats sit at the centre of the conversation on the continent as #ChangeMakers. Of the 55 African states recognised by the United Nations or the African Union, homosexuality is outlawed in 34 African countries.South Africa, the only country on the continent where sexual orientation is protected by the constitution. Jozi Cats exists to provide a safe space for all its diverse communities to enjoy the game of rugby, whether as a player, a referee, or spectator, regardless of sexual orientation, gender identification, age, race or ability.“Founded on 20th August 2015, we began our journey with a simple idea of creating a safe and harassment-free environment for everyone to enjoy the game of rugby, along with building a competitive, social and diverse club which welcomes players with all levels of experience who enjoy a love for rugby”, said Mr Chris Verrijdt; Chairman – Jozi Cats Rugby Club.In February 2016 Jozi Cats reached out to find support to recruit new members and increase the visibility of the club. Havas PR devised a bold campaign that turned gay stereotypes inside out by challenging you to ask “what does a gay rugby player look” and used the typical gay slurs one would here on the sports field to tackle homophobia in rugby.The “Rugby, That’s so Gay” Campaign launched on May 4th, 2016 and went viral. The Jozi Cats campaign was viewed by over 350 million people in over 146 countries worldwide.Over the last three years Jozi Cats has constantly and consistently disrupted the local and global narrative around what it means to be LGBTQI* in the rugby world, with a series of history-making moments under its belt providing inspiration through perspiration to the continent as a whole:First gay and inclusive rugby club in Africa (2015)Global “Rugby That’s So Gay” campaign seen by 315 million people in 126 countries (2016)First inclusive rugby tour across South Africa (2016)First inclusive touch rugby tournament – The Reconciliation Cup in Cape Town (2016)First African team to participate in an international inclusive Rugby Tournament in Madrid – The Union Cup (2017)Historic MOU signing with Digger’s Rugby Club to tackle homophobia in Rugby (2017)Formation of the Khayelitsha Cats – a touch club for lesbian players of colour in Cape Town (2017)First African Rugby Club to attain membership status in International Gay Rugby Organisation (IGR) (2018)First Inclusive Tag Rugby Tournament in Africa with an endorsement from Network of African National Human Rights Institutions, South African Human Rights Commission, Tag Rugby South Africa and SARU (2018)When asked which sports Jozi Cats will break stereotypes next, Mr Verrijdt said; “We are constantly shifting stereotypes and creating an inclusive world of sports, I think soccer might just do.”For more information on these Ordinary South Africans Doing Amazing Things – Jozi Cats Rugby Club, log on to www.jozicats.co.za or like facebook.com/JoziCats and follow @JoziCats on Instagram and Twitter for regular updates.Also, contact: Chris Verrijdt: Chairman – Jozi Cats Rugby ClubCell:   +27 82 784 6 Inclusivity. Diversity. Equality.645 | Email: chris@jozicats.co.zalast_img read more

Green stem syndrome

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Matt Hutcheson, CCA, product manager, Seed Consultants, Inc.One issue that impacts soybean harvest in the eastern Corn Belt at some level each year is green stem syndrome. Green stem syndrome could be larger issue for the 2017 harvest because of latter planting dates in many areas. When green stem syndrome occurs, stems and leaves can remain green after pods have matured. As a result, while pods and seeds are mature and dry enough to be harvested, harvest operations can be slowed as combines have more difficulty dealing with stems and leaves that are still green. In addition to creating harvest delays, green stem syndrome can increase fuel consumption and result in shattering losses if growers delay harvest until stems have fully matured.The occurrence of green stems varies from year-to-year and can be affected by several factors, such as:• Viral infections • Insect feeding • Late planting • Drought stress • Application of fungicidesSuccessful management of green stem syndrome requires management practices that include timely planting, establishing adequate plant stands, irrigation, and controlling insects/pests. By making these management practices a priority, growers can minimize the likelihood that green stem syndrome will develop in their soybean fields. Although green stem syndrome slows down harvest, soybeans should be harvested as soon as pods are fully mature in order to minimize harvest losses due to shattering.last_img read more

JeM terrorist arrested in J&K’s Baramulla district

first_imgA Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) terrorist was arrested in Baramulla district of north Kashmir on Sunday, a police spokesperson said. Mohsin Manzoor Salhea, a resident of Arampora-Azadgunj area, was arrested on a credible input during an anti-militant operation in Baramulla town, he said. According to the spokesperson, Salhea was affiliated with proscribed terror outfit JeM and was wanted in two cases registered at the Baramulla police station this year. Salhea was part of a group involved in planning and executing terror attacks in the area, he said. Incriminating material, including arms and ammunition, were recovered from his possession, the spokesperson said.last_img

Roach doesn’t mind who Pacquiao faces next

first_imgTallo returns with a bang Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netLegendary boxing trainer Freddie Roach said Thursday he doesn’t give a single thought on whoever Manny Pacquiao fights next after the iconic Filipino boxer faces Australian Jeff Horn.Pacquiao (59-6-2) is set to defend his WBO welterweight belt against the undefeated Horn (16-0-1) in Australia on July 2, but Roach believes his student still has something left in his tank.ADVERTISEMENT Every 18 seconds someone is diagnosed with HIV Pagasa: Storm intensifies as it nears PAR Cayetano dares Lacson, Drilon to take lie-detector test: Wala akong kinita sa SEA Games Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast BSP survey: PH banks see bright horizon amid dark global recession clouds BREAKING: Cop killed, 11 hurt in Misamis Oriental grenade blast Palace: Duterte to hear out security execs on alleged China control of NGCPcenter_img View comments MOST READ LATEST STORIES Roach, however, doesn’t see Crawford as a potential opponent for Pacquiao who now operates as a welterweight.READ: Roach open to Pacquiao fighting McGregor in a boxing matchKeith Thurman, who holds the WBA and WBC Super World welterweight belts, is also a potential challenger for Pacquiao.A fight between Pacquiao and Thurman would see the three belts unified, but Roach did not delve into the matter.“My job is not to get him opponents, my job is to get him ready for the opponents,” said Roach.ADVERTISEMENT Roach added it’s not his responsibility on who Pacquiao faces next.READ: Roach unbothered by Pacquiao’s sluggish starts in sparringFEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hosting“Whoever Bob Arum gets, whoever he gets I am ready for him,” said Roach during Pacquiao’s training session at Elorde Gym in the Mall of Asia Complex.Terence Crawford, the reigning WBC, WBO, and The Ring super lightweight champion, once challenged Pacquiao after scoring a 10th round TKO victory over Felix Diaz. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:44Manny Pacquiao on Floyd Mayweather: Let him enjoy retirement02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Gameslast_img read more