A drought on U.P.’s doorstep

first_imgUttar Pradesh is staring at a drought, the senior-most official in the State has said.Noting that the State received low rainfall during the monsoon, Chief Secretary Rajiv Kumar has instructed divisional commissioners and district magistrates to brace for a “potential drought”.Mr. Kumar has instructed officials to coordinate with all departments and take “necessary steps on a priority basis”.The Chief Secretary has issued a three-page order containing a set of instructions to various departments of the government, including those of Farm, Irrigation, Energy, Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Animal Husbandry, Food and Civil Supplies and Water Resources. A government spokesperson said officials had been instructed to publicise ways of preserving moisture in the soil, to ensure that government tube-wells are operational, and fill ponds with water.Alternative crops“He also said that apart from food and seeds, adequate availability of alternative crops must be ensured,” the spokesperson said. Officials have also been told to get non-functional transformers changed within 24 hours, get hand-pumps activated and mobilise water tankers to supply water to households.There must also be sufficient feed for cattle and medicine in veterinary clinics, the order said. Wells must be deepened and farmers employed under the rural employment guarantee programme to meet the risk of famine. Mr. Kumar has instructed senior state and divisional officials to hold meetings at the district level with officials of all related departments and as per the parameters of the drought manual of 2016 examine the ground situation in their districts.If the districts expect to be affected by drought, the local officials have been I asked a to provide the government with a specific proposal recommendation by October 25.From October 30 to January, 2018, official will also have to produce weekly updates of the situation.Last year, the state government had declared 50 districts in UP as drought-affected.last_img read more

Berhampur launches drive to ‘cure’ trees

first_imgUsing the knowledge of senior botanists, nature lovers initiated an experimental effort in Odisha’s Berhampur on Sunday to cure trees affected by human activities by using traditional ingredients. Berhampur Development Authority (BDA) chairperson Subash Moharana, Forest Department officials, city MLA Ramesh Chandra Chyau Patnaik, Berhampur Divisional Forest Officer (DFO) Ashis Behera, environmental activists and several botanists took part in the initiative started by Sabuja Bahini, Anchalika Vikash Parishad and other organisations.For the past one week, efforts are on to remove metal nails, wires and publicity materials from the trunk of the trees in and around Berhampur as they are the reason behind the slow death of trees. Posters on tree trunks“It was seen that toxic metallic oxides produced through corrosion had started to damage the internal parts of these trees. Fungal infection caused by posters nailed on tree trunks was a major problem. So, it was decided to take up some measures to heal the wounds,” said Mr. Behera.Traditional methodsSenior botanists — Prof. Sachidananda Padhi and Prof. Brahmabihari Panda — were consulted to provide remedial measures. “As plants have great self-healing power, we decided to provide natural remedies to them which would help them heal the wounds by themselves,” said Prof. Padhi. “So, we decided to experiment with a concoction comprising turmeric, neem leaves, gobar [cattle dung] and clay collected from ponds,” said Prof. Panda. No chemical ingredients like modern pesticides or fungicides were used in the mixture.In the concoction, turmeric and neem serve as disinfectants for the wounds and fungal infections while gobar and clay help the plant cells to regenerate. On Sunday morning, environmental activists along with the DFO, local MLA, BeDA chairman and botanists filled up the wounds found on the tree trunks with the concoction.Sibaram Panigrahy of Sabuja Bahini said that as the process involved no costly materials, the general public should start saving the trees in their area through this process in future.Chyau Patnaik, a physician, said he got involved in the medical treatment of plants for the first time.Dr. Patnaik said in the coming Assembly session, he will try to bring a private member Bill to save trees in urban areas from getting damaged by human interventions.The Super Cyclone of 1999, Phailin of 2013 and the Hudhud in 2014 had uprooted several big trees in Berhampur. Efforts are on to save the trees and provide them longevity, said Mr. Moharana.last_img read more

Iowa To Host Big Ten Tight End Transfer

first_imgAn Iowa fan wearing a corn shaped hat at a football game.IOWA CITY, IOWA – OCTOBER 26: A fan of the Iowa Hawkeyes wears a foam corn hat during the first quarter against the Northwestern Wildcats on October 26, 2013 at Kinnick Stadium in Iowa City, Iowa. Iowa won 17-10. (Photo by Matthew Holst/Getty Images)It is hard to think of a program more attractive to a tight end right now than Iowa. The Hawkeyes expect to have two first rounders at the position taken in today’s NFL Draft at the position: T.J. Hockenson and Noah Fant.Now, Iowa is in contention to land yet another tight end. This one comes from another Big Ten program.Rutgers’ Travis Vokolek is leaving New Jersey after two seasons. He will have three years to play two, wherever he winds up transferring.This weekend, he is making a trip to Iowa City. It is one of three major programs he’s set to visit.From Rivals:“Iowa, Arkansas, and Kansas State,” said Vokolek. “I’m still looking at my options, but I plan on visiting those three.”That process will begin this week as Vokolek leaves tomorrow for an official visit to Iowa, which is the first trip that he has scheduled.“I’m looking forward to getting to know some of the guys on the team and get a better feel for the campus,” Vokolek told HawkeyeReport.com.Travis Vokolek caught 16 passes for 184 yards and two touchdowns in 2018.He started seven games for the Scarlet Knights last season.The 6-foot-6 pass catcher is originally from Missouri, though he has family in Iowa as well, which may help the Hawkeyes. He was a three-star recruit in the 2017 class.247Sports ranked him No. 2030 overall in the class, and No. 94 among tight ends.[Rivals]last_img read more

Neptun Werft Lays Keel for Royal Caribbeans Newest Ship

first_imgzoom The keel laying ceremony for the first block of Spectrum of the Seas, Royal Caribbean International’s new Quantum Ultra-class ship, was held at Neptun Werft shipyard in Rostock-Warnemünde, Germany, on November 8.  This block is one of a total of 74 blocks for the new luxury liner and weighs altogether 938 tons.The keel laying ceremony marks the official start of construction for the Spectrum of the Seas. The ship will be one of the five largest cruise ships in the world with a gross tonnage of 168,800 tons.The first steel parts for the Spectrum of the Seas were cut at the Meyer Werft shipyard in August 2017. The completion of the ship is planned for spring 2019.Specifically designed for the Chinese market, Spectrum of the Seas will be the next evolution of the cruise line’s Quantum-class of ships which will have a capacity of about 4,200 passengers.Royal Caribbean took delivery of Quantum of the Seas, Anthem of the Seas and Ovation of the Seas, the three Quantum-class vessels, in 2014, 2015 and 2016, respectively.Video Courtesy: Royal Caribbeanlast_img read more

Nothing has changed Tina Fontaines body pulled from river five years ago

first_imgWINNIPEG — It was quiet on the summer day when Cora Morgan and her cousin stood on the waterfront and performed a smudging ceremony for a young Indigenous girl pulled out of the Red River in Winnipeg not long before.The First Nations family advocate remembers a makeshift memorial with flowers for 15-year-old Tina Fontaine had already started growing.The girl’s tiny body, wrapped in a duvet cover and weighed down by rocks, was discovered Aug. 17, 2014, and it shook the city and the country.Her death renewed calls for a national inquiry into missing and murdered Indigenous women and inspired volunteer groups such as  the Bear Clan Patrol to work at protecting vulnerable people on the streets.It also pushed the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs to create the First Nations Family Advocate Office that Morgan heads.Five years later, Morgan says she fears another Tina will be found.“Nothing has changed,” she sighs.“The issues have only grown to be worse.”Tina was born on New Year’s Day in 1999, when her mother was still a child in government care. Both Tina’s parents struggled with addictions.She was five when she moved in with a great-aunt from the Sagkeeng First Nation.Tina began to struggle after her father was murdered in 2011. In the final weeks of her life, she went to Winnipeg to reconnect with her mother but spiralled into a world of addiction, homelessness and sexual exploitation.She had contact with a hospital, police and social workers. The night before she was last reported missing, Tina was dropped off with a contracted care worker at a downtown hotel but walked away.It later came to light that Tina had disclosed to a child-welfare agency that she was hanging out with a 62-year-old, meth-using man and may have been sexually assaulted. Raymond Cormier was acquitted in Tina’s death last year.Morgan says the many gaps that Tina fell through have widened.There are more than 10,000 kids in government care in Manitoba, the highest per-capita rate in Canada. About 90 per cent are Indigenous.The province also has some of the highest child-poverty rates, Morgan says, and the number of people reported missing continues to grow each year. She’s also worried a new “block funding” arrangement between child-welfare agencies and the provincial government resulted in cuts to services.“You have a lot of young people that are suffering.”Families Minister Heather Stefanson says the province has been working to improve the supports that failed Tina, particularly Child and Family Services.“We’ve made some progress, but recognize there’s still more to do in collaboration with the CFS authorities,” Stefanson said in an emailed statement.Daphne Penrose, Manitoba’s advocate for children and youth, released a report in March into Tina’s death. She found the teen’s struggles didn’t exist in a vacuum and made five recommendations touching on justice, education, mental health and child welfare.A government working group is tracking progress on the recommendations.Stephanson’s department said in an email that there have been investments in addictions, mental-health services and sexual exploitation responses for vulnerable youth and adults. A poverty reduction strategy was announced in March and work continues to build and enhance safety nets where kids need them most.Penrose says there haven’t been enough improvements to ensure no other child meets Tina’s fate. Penrose is especially concerned by a rapid increase in the number of children and youth addicted to drugs, specifically methamphetamine.“We see them walk in the office all the time,” she says.Winnipeg’s police chief has said there’s a meth crisis in the city and has called for more safe shelters and detox units. The Bear Clan Patrol has picked up more than 60,000 needles so far this year, a stark increase from 40,000 in all of 2018.The Addictions Foundation of Manitoba says meth use has increased by more than 100 per cent in adults and nearly 50 per cent in youth since 2014.The foundation is adapting to the needs of children, Penrose says, but more needs to be more done to help people where they are and when they ask for it. The resilient spirit and community responses to Tina’s death amid a growing addiction crisis has been inspiring, Penrose adds. But it’s not just a problem for child-welfare agencies, police or First Nations — every single person must step in to help.“How are we going to make sure that kids get their rights?” she asks.“Their right to life. Their right to thrive and survive. Their right to health services. Their right to all of those rights that they get just for being alive.”Kelly Geraldine Malone, The Canadian Presslast_img read more

Edmonton soon to be largest Aboriginal population embraces reconciliation aims

first_img(Edmonton Mayor Don Iveson, centre, last September with Treaty 6 chiefs. Brandi Morin/APTN Photo)Brandi Morin APTN National News EDMONTON – The choke cherry trees that were planted last year in front of every Anglican Church in the Edmonton diocese to commemorate healing and reconciliation are now blossoming. It is a good sign, says Bishop Jane Alexander – perhaps symbolic of what’s to come. Reconciliation in Alberta’s capital city, which will soon be home to the largest Aboriginal population in Canada, began when the Truth and Reconciliation Commission held a national event there in March 2014. Alexander said her diocese is working to implement the apology the Anglican Church made to residential school survivors through various initiatives. They include providing education to clergy members, community outreach and welcoming cultural practices within the church. Although things are happening, Alexander acknowledges that change will not come overnight. Lewis Cardinal’s parents attended residential school. Cardinal lives in Edmonton and is the co-chair of the Alberta commissioner on human rights and justice, he never expected to see an apology from the government let alone a TRC during lifetime. “So this comes as a pleasant step forward,” said Cardinal in light of the final TRC event held Tuesday. “This is a new chapter. What we heard (Tuesday) is the foreword of that new chapter.” Cardinal resounded TRC Commissioner Wilton Littlechild’s statement that reconciliation is a process that will take generations to unfold. “We’re talking about generational work here – in the sense that we’re not going to change everything in my lifetime. But what we’re going to see is a softening and an acceptance of the Indigenous people in our cities,” said Cardinal. Edmonton Mayor Don Iveson, an TRC honorary witness, was in Ottawa Monday and then flew home to be present at city hall council chambers where a live broadcast of the TRC final report streamed to a packed audience. Following the release, Iveson said he is looking forward to his children being able to learn a more truthful story about the history of Indigenous people, including the injustices of residential schooling. “Frankly, saying Ottawa has to fix this isn’t enough,” said Iveson. “The call has to come from all Canadians so that it is heard by all federal leaders, regardless of the party, so that we can develop a national consensus to take action to address particularly the resource gaps that exist in terms of funding to support the health and well-being, welfare and education of Indigenous people on reserve or in the cities where they reside. Those are treaty obligations.”Boyle Street Community Services cultural advisor Gary Moostoos is optimistic about reconciliation efforts within Edmonton. “I’ve seen that there’s a lot of attempts being made to build relationships with the Aboriginal people,” said Moostoos, who pointed out that Iveson and council members have gone as far as participating in sweat lodges with area chiefs and consult with Indigenous elders. Moostoos also works with residential school survivors and provided support to them in Ottawa this week. He said he’s noticed a shift in their attitudes towards reconciliation. “A lot of anger and frustration and fears have kind of dissipated and they’re feeling safer to be who they are,” he said. He added Mayor Iveson takes his role of honorary witness seriously, which has a big impact on reconciliation for the city, and that Edmonton is setting a precedent for other municipalities. “Other cities have made progress, however, with the leadership we have in place I think Edmonton is going to take lead in being the city that other cities can look up to and will be able to follow suit,” said Moostoos.After declaring a year of reconciliation last year, Iveson announced three main priority areas the city would undertake:–          Educate city staff on the history and impact of residential schools–          Commit to higher Aboriginal youth participation in civic programs, fill gaps in city programming and allow youth to explore careers in the public service–          Create a public space in the city for Indigenous ceremonies and cultural practicesIt’s difficult to measure the effects of initiatives such as educating staff, said Mike Chow, director of Aboriginal relations with the city. “It’s not like mainstream society where you have a semester, a test and then you get a grade. One of the things that we’ve learned about our Indigenous cultures is that learning is lifelong. And it’s never ending,” said Chow. The city is working with various partners and youth to give opportunities to provide leadership training and to become involved with reconciliation. The Sacred Earth project is the first of its kind in Canada and will provide an area within Edmonton where Aboriginal people can practice cultural and ceremonial activities. The project is estimated to cost $6 million and expected to be completed by 2017. Chow said these are a taste of Edmonton’s more long-term “transformational” reconciliation actions to come. The city will review the final TRC reports and recommendations so that further steps can be taken. “I’m really excited about the TRC reports because we were waiting for what the findings would do so we can catalyze with more action. I think with the release we’re going to be taking a look at that in more detail to make sure that our programs, services and activities going forward can align with it,” said Chow. bmorin@aptn.calast_img read more

BC housing market shows signs of moderation assessment agency

first_imgVANCOUVER — Assessed values of some single family homes in Metro Vancouver’s once red hot housing market dropped between five and 10 per cent in the latest assessments used to determine property taxes in British Columbia.Meanwhile, BC Assessment says some property owners in the rest of the province have seen five to 15 per cent increases in their property values.The agency forecasts condominium values will increase by up to 20 per cent across B.C. this year.Commercial and industrial properties saw an increase of between 10 and 20 per cent across most of the province, with some markets around Metro Vancouver increasing up to 30 per cent. BC Assessment collects, monitors and analyzes property data.Its assessments are based on the estimate of a property’s market value on July 1 of each year and its physical condition on Oct. 31.Deputy assessor Keith MacLean-Talbot says increases in property assessments do not automatically translate into a corresponding increase in property taxes. The Canadian Presslast_img read more

Disarmament process begins in northern Côte dIvoire UN reports

16 June 2010The disarmament and demobilization of 600 former combatants has begun in the northern, rebel-held town of Korhogo, the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) reports. The disarmament and demobilization of 600 former combatants has begun in the northern, rebel-held town of Korhogo, the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) reports. The soldiers from the Forces armées des Forces nouvelles (FAFN) who demobilized yesterday are part of a group of 1,200 ex-combatants who are expected to disarm and enter cantonment, and to join an integrated national army.At a ceremony yesterday the Secretary-General’s Principal Deputy Special Representative in the West African country, Abou Moussa, said UNOCI would do its part to make the process a success, and encouraged all the participants to see it through. The process is being monitored by the UN mission and other parties.Côte d’Ivoire, which became split by civil war in 2002 into a rebel-held north and Government-controlled south, had been making progress toward the holding of elections, which were supposed to have been held as far back as 2005. However, the process has been repeatedly postponed.While preparations for the polls were on track up until late last year, they were interrupted in January. Political tensions began to mount after voter registration was suspended due to violence and President Laurent Gbagbo dissolved the Government and the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) in February. A new Government and Electoral Commission have since been established, but the electoral process remains stalled as differences persist on how to tackle the issue of fraud and resume the interrupted appeals process on the provisional voters list.Acting on the recommendation of the Secretary-General, the Security Council late last month extended the mandate of UNOCI and the French forces which are supporting it, for one month – “in order to give Côte d’Ivoire a chance to walk the final mile to the elections with the full support of the United Nations.” In keeping with the Ouagadougou Peace Agreements, the 2007 blueprint for political reconciliation, the process is now focusing on the remaining priorities – including those related to elections, disarmament and all aspects of the reunification of the country.As agreed by the parties in 2008, a de facto reunification is to be completed two months prior to the presidential election. read more

From hockey to yoga alumni events bring grads together

What was your favourite part of the event?Catching up with old friends.Click here for updates on future Brock Alumni Network events.Make sure we have your correct mailing information to ensure you get invited to future events. Click here to update! What was your favourite part of the event?The dean, Don Cyr, playing piano.Niagara Brock Alumni Network | IceDogs hockey game and Social at Gord’s PlaceThurs. Mar. 14, submitted by Scott Glover (BSc ’06)* This event was in collaboration with Brock Alumni Relations, NEXTNiagara and Brock University Co-Op Programs. Have you ever attended an alumni event before?No, this was my first alumni event.Describe the event in three words. Networking, YoPros (young professionals), fun.What was your favourite part of the event? My favourite part was the social before the game. I made some new connections and had  great conversations with Brock Alumni and Co-Op students.Toronto Brock Alumni Network | Maple Syrup Festival at Brooks FarmSat.  Mar. 16, 2013, submitted by Natalie Quesnelle (BSM ’99)Have you ever attended an alumni event before?No, this was my first event. Describe the event in three words. Family-friendly, Great change of pace, fun. Over the past two months, Brock Alumni Networks have hosted over five successful events all over southern Ontario. Each event is organized by a group of dedicated alumni volunteers who hope to connect with fellow grads for social, professional development and networking events. We asked attendees from each event to review their experience while there.Niagara Brock Alumni Network | Sip and Skate at Ravine VineyardSat. Feb. 16, 2013, submitted by Andrew Ware (BBE’03)Have you ever attended an alumni event before?Yes, I have attended the Alumni Association’s AGM in 2011 and 2012 as well as the Alumni of Distinction Awards in 2012.Describe the event in three words.Savvy, Fresh, YummyWhat was your favourite part of the event?Although the white chocolate truffle was one of the best things that I have ever tasted, the best part was the fellowship.Waterloo-Wellington Brock Alumni Network | Social at Huether HotelThurs. Feb. 21, 2013, submitted by Sara Glover (BA ’09)Have you ever attended an alumni event before?Yes. I attended the Toronto Brock Alumni Pub Night in May 2011.Describe the event in three words.Engaging, Informative, Good ConversationsWhat was your favorite part of the event?Connecting with local grads, especially others who had just moved to the area (similar situation as myself). Food was great too!Toronto Brock Alumni Network | Lululemon Yoga & ShoppingWed. Feb. 27, 2013, submitted by Taryn Orava (BKin ’08)Have you ever attended an alumni event before?Yes, I have previously attended the speaker series during Brock Days Alumni Weekend in 2010 and 2011 and hosted the Brock Cheerleading Alumni Reunion during Brock Days Alumni Weekend in 2012.  This Lululemon event, however, was the first local Alumni event I have attended.Describe the event in three words.Peaceful, Engaging, UniqueWhat was your favourite part of the event? My favourite part of this event was the opportunity to share something that I am personally interested in, yoga (and shopping), with fellow Badger Alumni. It was great to see some familiar faces in the crowd, reconnect with old colleagues and network with new friends during the private shopping event.Goodman School of Business | Celebration in TorontoThurs.  Feb. 28, 2013, submitted by Quinn Ryan (BBA ’09)Have you ever attended an alumni event before?Yes, I’ve attended the past couple of Toronto Brock Alumni Pub Nights; one at Labatts Pub and one at Amsterdam Brewery.Describe the event in three words.Good food, Classy, Fun conversation. read more

FCC drops sports blackout rule but NFL can still bar airing of

WASHINGTON – For years, football fans have bemoaned the rule barring NFL home games that haven’t sold out from being televised in the local market.Well, you can’t blame the government anymore.The Federal Communications Commission voted Tuesday to end the 1975 rule with a push from its chairman.“We at the FCC shouldn’t be complicit in preventing sports fans from watching their favourite teams on TV,” said Chairman Tom Wheeler. “It’s time to sack the sports blackout rule.”The vote won’t actually end blackouts, which are written into the NFL’s private contracts with broadcast and cable companies. But it means responsibility for blackouts now lies entirely with the NFL and its television partners, not the government.Last year, only two NFL games were blacked out in local markets: The Bengals against the Chargers in San Diego on Dec. 1 and the Dolphins vs. the Bills in Buffalo on Dec. 22.Even so, the NFL launched a lobbying campaign against the blackout repeal.The rule has barred cable-TV stations from televising games in metro areas where those games were being blacked out on local TV. The league warned that without this rule in place, it would move more games to pay cable and away from free over-the-air broadcasts on local television stations. It hired Hall-of-Famer Lynn Swann, who starred for the Pittsburgh Steelers, to conduct a grassroots campaign to “protect football on free TV.”The FCC commissioners were unmoved. They noted that the NFL makes plenty of money selling old-fashioned broadcast rights.What’s more, the NFL’s TV contracts don’t expire until 2022, so it couldn’t do anything for eight years. In the meantime, Commissioner Roger Goodell and other league executives have extolled the benefits of airing games on free TV. This year, they moved some Thursday night games to CBS from the cable channel NFL Network.The blackout rule is a vestige of a bygone era, when the NFL was hardly today’s wildly popular money-making machine. When the rule passed nearly four decades ago, just 40 per cent of NFL games sold out, and teams relied on ticket sales for most of their revenue.In the mid-1990s, roughly two-thirds of NFL games typically sold out. A decade ago, the figure approached 90 per cent. Now, it’s 99 per cent.Yet in any case, NFL teams get most of their revenue from television.The blackouts, rare as they are now, have been especially bitter for Bills fans. Perhaps their greatest victory in franchise history — a 41-38 comeback win over the Houston Oilers in a 1993 playoff game — was blacked out on local television because Buffalo’s Rich Stadium (now Ralph Wilson Stadium) didn’t sell out for the game.In fact, FCC Commissioner Ajit Pai, a Buffalo native, chose to announce his vote against the blackout rule last month at Buffalo’s Anchor Bar, which claims to have created that beloved game day snack-food staple, the Buffalo wing.“Our job is to serve the public interest, not the private interests of team owners,” Pai said.___AP Sports Writer Rachel Cohen in New York contributed to this report. by Paul Wiseman And Jennifer C. Kerr, The Associated Press Posted Sep 30, 2014 11:57 am MDT FCC drops sports blackout rule, but NFL can still bar airing of games that don’t sell out AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email read more

New UN forum seeks to set the stage for future global development

“We are bracing for our final push to accomplish the Millennium Development Goals,” Martin Sajdik, the President of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), said at the first meeting of the High-level Political Forum on sustainable development held under the Council’s auspices.The Forum will be an occasion to reflect on how far the world has advanced in shaping the post-2015 development agenda and the sustainable development goals (SDGs), as well as discuss how to chart the way forward. “A strong forum means faster progress towards sustainable development goals,” said Mr. Sajdik, adding that it should accelerate the shift towards inclusive, equitable and prosperous societies without poverty and a better future for all. The forum will bring together a diverse group of participants over the next 10 days, including ministerial-level and senior representatives from Governments, mayors; parliamentarians; UN officials; civil society groups, and key figures from the private sector and foundations.“The forum can help to instil the concern for poverty eradication and sustainable development on this last leg of our journey to 2015,” stated Mr. Sajdik, who is Austria’s Permanent Representative to the UN. “But most of all it can draw conclusions from the implementation of the MDGs when further shaping its own role in the implementation and the review process of the SDGs. “But, as we know, the key messages for these final one and a half years of MDG implementation will come from ECOSOC.” Agreed by world leaders in 2000, the MDGs – covering a range of poverty, hunger, health, gender equality, education and environmental indicators – have been the most successful global anti-poverty push in history. Several targets have already been met, such as halving the number of people living in extreme poverty, and it is expected that more targets will be reached by the end of 2015. Building on the successes of the MDGs, Member States are currently working on a post-2015 development agenda that will address any unfinished business of the MDGs and new challenges and complexities facing the world with sustainable development at its core and poverty eradication as its highest priority. They will meet at a summit in September 2015 to adopt the post-MDG agenda, including the sustainable development goals. Mr. Sajdik said the current meeting should mark the start of the reflection on the broader post-2015 development agenda. “It might give us – with the presence of our political leaders and of top officials from our capitals – some time to pause and reflect on how far we have come in elaborating this agenda and whether we are on the right track.“The forum can give some input for the future agenda now and set the stage for a robust platform after 2015. Expectations are high and we need to live up to the hopes and aspirations,” he added.As it continues its first day of work under ECOSOC’s auspices, the Forum will hold moderated panel discussions on: “From Rio+20 to post-2015: towards an integrated and universal sustainable development agenda”; “Means of implementation for sustainable development”; “How could sustainable consumption and production contribute to SDGs?”; and a Dialogue with the Chair of the Board of the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production.Inaugurated in September 2013 under the auspices of the UN General Assembly, the Forum replaced the UN’s Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), which was formed after the historic 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to generate action on a range of issues, including energy, oceans and sustainable consumption and production.The Forum itself was conceived in answer to a call made by Member States in the ouctcome of the Earth Summit follow-up conference in 2012, known informally as “Rio+20”, and it is now the main UN platform dealing with sustainable development. It will meet every four years at the level of Heads of State and Government under the auspices of the General Assembly, and every year under the auspices of ECOSOC.The Rio+20 outcome, The Future We Want, also called for the Global Sustainable Development Report, in order to bring together dispersed information and existing assessments and to strengthen the science policy interface at the High-Level Political Forum. A “prototype” report will be introduced tomorrow when the Forum continues its work at Headquarters. read more

Football Curtis Samuel plays like Percy Harvin

OSU junior H-back Curtis Samuel (4) rushes into the endzone for a touchdown during the first half of the Buckeyes game against Rutgers on Oct. 1. The Buckeyes won 58-0. Credit: Alexa Mavrogianis | Photo EditorIf there’s one word to define an Urban Meyer offense, it’s speed. Since being hired at Ohio State in 2012, the Buckeye offense under Meyer has finished the season twice ranked in the top 10. However, through many different players, Meyer has been attempting to reincarnate one of his greatest weapons from his time at the University of Florida.Former Florida Gator and NFL wide receiver Percy Harvin won two national championships for Meyer, alongside Heisman Trophy winner Tim Tebow, and was the No. 1 playmaker for Meyer for the better part of two seasons.From Dontre Wilson in 2013, Jalin Marshall in 2014 and Braxton Miller in 2015, Meyer might have finally found his next Percy Harvin in junior H-back Curtis Samuel.And frankly, Samuel might be better. Meyer said on Tuesday’s Big Ten coaches’ teleconference that he believes Samuel should be in the Heisman Trophy discussion with his performance through the first four games.“I think it’s a little harder for those positions to get it, in H-back,” Meyer said. “But he’s certainly having that kind of year that he should be in the conversation.”The last time Meyer had two players in the Heisman race was with Tebow and Harvin in 2008. In Harvin’s 2007 sophomore campaign, he exploded for 764 yards and six touchdowns rushing, and 858 yards and four touchdowns receiving. The next season, before he declared early for the NFL, Harvin finished with 1,304 total yards and 17 touchdowns.While Samuel has eight games left in the regular season to rack up those numbers, he’s already on pace to surpass Harvin’s junior-year stats.Samuel has 673 total yards and five touchdowns through four games this season, compared to Harvin’s 461 total yards and five touchdowns through his first four games in 2008. To be fair, Samuel has had 18 more touches than Harvin did at this point, but the two are nearly identical in average yards per touch.Harvin was all over the field for Meyer back at Florida, much like Samuel. But unlike Harvin, and Buckeyes in the past Meyer tried to put into the role, Samuel has shown the ability to run between the tackles. Redshirt junior quarterback J.T. Barrett is fairly similar to Tebow in his ability to takeover a game almost at will. Albeit in different styles, Tebow went to Harvin often, just like Barrett’s trust in Samuel.Meyer has always put trust into his quarterbacks and his playmakers, but what makes Samuel even more impressive when comparing him to Harvin is that OSU has a legitimate 1,000-yard running back in redshirt freshman Mike Weber.After the first game against Bowling Green, Weber and Samuel combined for 220 yards rushing, prompting Weber to equate the backfield duo to Lendale White and Reggie Bush, who accounted for an asstounding 3,042 rushing in 2005.At the time, it sounded ridiculous, but could it really happen? Could Weber and Samuel somehow be this good, and could Samuel be in the Heisman Trophy race?Statistically speaking, yes, both of those could happen. However, Harvin, Bush and White all performed at high levels for more than one season. For now, Samuel still has to live up to the expectations of following Braxton Miller and every other player to be named Meyer’s No. 1 playmaker.“I feel like both at receiver and at running back (I’m best utilized),” Samuel said. “I can be at running back and go against a linebacker, which is a mismatch, or I can go to receiver and be against a corner or safety, which I feel is still a mismatch.” read more

Jodie Comer is perfect fit for Villanelle as she is not too

“She is brilliantly clever and instinctive, its interesting watching her during a read-through as she doesn’t want… She’s the 26-year-old BAFTA award winner who can pull off almost any accent, but Killing Eve’s producers have said Jodie Comer’s greatest skill is not being too “politically correct”. Speaking exclusively to The Telegraph ahead of the UK release of series two, Woodward Gentle explained: “Jodie does everything she is told to do but she is also very thoughtful about the script, she has got her own opinions. Sally Woodward Gentle, the BAFTA-winning producer also behind The Durrells, characterised Comer as “playful” and said she is a perfect fit as the psychopathic assassin Villanelle.

Twothirds of UK employees want employers to help them plan for retirement

first_imgAround two-thirds (64%) of UK employees, and 51% of staff approaching retirement, want their employer to help them plan for retirement, according to research by financial services organisation State Street Global Advisors (SSGA).Its Global retirement reality report 2018, which surveyed 9,451 individuals across eight countries, including 1,603 people in the UK, also found that 80% of UK-based respondents would like their employers to help make them aware of the available retirement options they have, while 60% want their employer to provide a consultation or advice.Nigel Aston, global head of strategy and proposition at SSGA, said: “As is the case with happiness more generally, there is not one driver, but several elements that combine to enable a happy and secure retirement. By observing retirement realities through the eyes of the individual saver, we are working to truly understand people’s experiences with state and institutional structures globally. By doing so, we can offer solutions that are as multidimensional as the needs of the people, plans and policies involved. Happiness is important and evolving as our lives evolve.”Of the UK respondents who had retired within the last five years, 35% received help and advice from their employer during the planning stages, compared to 37% of respondents who retired more than five years ago.The majority (81%) of UK respondents who are currently working and do not plan to retire within the next five years expect their employer to make them aware of the options they will have in retirement, while 65% expect their organisation to provide a consultation and advice. Under half (42%) of these respondents also expect their employer to recommend a solution that is specific to their needs, and 20% want their employer to provide a solution for them.Over half (61%) of the surveyed working population in the UK are not optimistic or happy about their financial situation in retirement, and 46% feel their current pension savings are not close at all to what they need by the time they retire; this compares to 34% of UK respondents who are currently working but plan to retire in the next five years, who believe they are somewhat close to having their pension savings matching what they need by the time they retire. However, only 6% of those approaching retirement think they are extremely close to having what they need.More than two-fifths (49%) of UK respondents approaching retirement plan to make up the difference between their retirement savings and the income they wanted to save by the time they retire by doing part-time work; 27% intend to retire later, a further 27% will use other savings and 11% plan to use inheritance money. Over a quarter (27%) intend to bridge the savings gap by downsizing or releasing equity from their home and 7% think they will use buy-to-let or rental income.In the US, 40% of respondents approaching retirement think they will retire later to make up the shortfall between retirement savings and expected spending. This compares to 43% in Australia, 25% in Germany, 26% in Italy, 23% in the Netherlands and 25% in Ireland.Globally, those approaching retirement tend to agree that part-time work will help to bolster their retirement savings. In the US, 61% of those approaching retirement believe this is the route they will take, compared to 57% of those based in Germany, 30% in Italy, 35% in the Netherlands, 35% in Sweden, 50% in Ireland and 45% in Australia.A quarter (24%) of UK respondents who are currently working, and the same number again of those approaching retirement, have consulted their current employer for advice regarding their pension and retirement. Around half (48% and 49% respectively) have turned to an independent financial adviser. The majority (81%) of employees surveyed in the UK agree that they would value a solution from their employer that would provide a predictable income.Alistair Byrne, head of pensions and retirement strategy at SSGA, added: “From these findings, we hope to have arrived at a blueprint for a successful retirement structure that combines effective practices and rewarding retirement experiences, gathered from around the world. With this study, we are looking to identify the factors across a number of retirement systems that drive retirement happiness, which can become best practices that are applied as retirement systems shift to have increased reliance on the defined contribution model.”last_img read more

Democrats Reject GOPs Omnibus Proposal over Policy Riders

first_imgDemocratic leaders on Wednesday slammed the Republicans’ opening offer for a fiscal 2016 omnibus spending bill over more than 30 “poison pill” add-ons covering policy issues including the environment, financial regulations and Syrian refugees.“Their offer wasn’t real. We couldn’t accept it,” said Rep. Nita Lowey (N.Y.), the top Democrat on the Appropriations Committee.“When you’re working on a bill that, you know, we hope can pass the House and the Senate, you don’t send over an offer … that’s going nowhere,” Lowey said, reported the Hill.On Wednesday night, Democrats said they intended to respond to the GOP with a counteroffer shortly. The back-and-forth comes as lawmakers are trying to strike a deal over a $1.1 trillion spending package before the current continuing resolution expires Dec. 11. Even though topline spending levels were agreed to in October’s two-year budget deal, Congress still needs to come to terms over 12 separate spending titles, including any language affecting federal policy.The Republican’s initial offer, however, did not touch most of the thousands of smaller, line-by-line agreements on funding levels and bill language struck by appropriations staff in recent weeks, reported CQ.The process is typical of high-level discussions conducted under a looming deadline, although the negotiations usually take place hidden from public view. In fact, Democrats said they will not be releasing any details on their response.Examples of provisions rejected by the Democrats include one scaling back Wall Street reforms and another adding hurdles to the screening process for refugees fleeing violence in Syria and Iraq, according to the Hill.White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest echoed the concerns of congressional Democrats about the objectionable riders, and said Republicans are “whistling past the graveyard of a government shutdown.” Earnest specifically pointed to Republican language on financial and environmental regulations, reported CQ. Dan Cohen AUTHORlast_img read more

Floods submerge Ramalingeswara Nagar in Vijayawada

first_imgVijayawada: Hundreds of houses were inundated in floodwaters in Ramalingeswara Nagar in Krishna riverbed on Saturday. The district administration has pressed into service four rubber inflated boats to evacuate the residents, who were struck in floodwaters. Due to discharge of floodwaters from the Prakasam barrage, the water entered the colony inundating makeshift homes and thatched houses. Due to breach developed to outfall drain located near the retaining wall, the floodwaters entered low-lying areas of Ramalingeswara Nagar in the riverbed. Also Read – Fit India rally held in Vijayawada Advertise With Us Noticing the flood waters, the residents immediately shifted their belongings to safer places and moved to upper portions of buildings. Till Friday night, the floodwater not reached Ramalingeswara Nagar. Due to breach developed to outfall drain, the floodwater entered the colony on Saturday morning. NDRF and SDRF pressed into service two boats each and asking the residents to move to rehabilitation centres at Indira Gandhi Municipal Corporation Stadium. Also Read – PV Sindhu visits Tirumala temple Advertise With Us Unaware of sudden rise of floodwater, some residents left their belongings at the home and moved to safer places. However, no loss of life has been reported as the people moved to second and third floors of the buildings. Ministers Perni Nani, Kodali Venkateswara Rao, Velampalli Srinivas, Collector Md Imtiaz visited the Ramalingeswara Nagar Colony and spoke to flood affected people. East MLA Gadde Rammohan underlined the need to plug the gap for the outfall drain. Advertise With Us Collector Md Imtiaz spoke to residents and asked them to move to the safer places. He said about 200 families were affected due to the floods in Ramalingeswara Nagar and added the residents were not coming forward to leave their homes and stay in the rehabilitation centre for two or three days. Most residents were not willing to leave their homes because of fear of burglary, he pointed out. Taking advantage of the situation, some criminals may break into houses and rob the valuables.last_img read more

Ekta Kapoor increases stake in Balaji Telefilms

first_imgEkta Kapoor, joint managing director of entertainment content provider Balaji Telefilms Ltd and producer of the company’s television serials, increased her stake in the family firm. She bought about 72,000 shares on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) over two days earlier this month, according to trade details.Kapoor bought 50,000 shares March 2 and 22,125 shares two days later, but the price of the acquisition is not known.The stock closed at Rs 103.25 March 2 and gained to settle at Rs 106.55 March 4.On Wednesday, the stock was trading at Rs 107.25 at around 12.55 p.m., up 0.56 percent from its previous close.Ekta Kapoor held 1,55,62,704 shares, or 23.87 percent of the paid-up equity share capital of Balaji Telefilms as on Dec.31, 2015, according to the company. Other family members who own stakes in the company include her father Jeetendra Kapoor, brother Tusshar Kapoor and mother Shobha Kapoor. Their combined stake was 47.29 percent.Balaji Telefilms had announced last month that it will be raising about Rs 150 crore by issuing 10,720,000 shares to institutional investors Atyant Capital India Fund – I, Vanderbilt University, GHI LTP Ltd, GHI HSP Ltd and GHI ERP Ltd, at a price of Rs 140 per share.The company’s consolidated net profit for the quarter ended Dec.31, 2015 was Rs 6.62 crore as against a net loss of Rs 6.95 crore in the year-ago period.The consolidated net sales from operations stood at Rs 73.15 crore, up 2.19 percent from Rs 71.53 crore in the corresponding quarter last fiscal, the company had said in a regulatory filing to the BSE Feb.5, 2016.Ekta Kapoor is the producer of television shows such as “Naagin,” “Yeh Hai Mohabbatein,” Kumkum Bhagya” and “Kasam…Pyaar Ki.” ‘Yeh Hai Mohabbatein’ actress Divyanka Tripathi talks about her new glamorous look on the show [PHOTO]TRP ratings: Naagin remains unbeatable; ‘Saath Nibhaana Saathiya’ beats ‘Yeh Hai Mohabbatein’Other directors of the company include former State Bank of India chairman Arun Kumar Purwar, CA D G Rajan and television industry veteran Sameer Nair.last_img read more

White House denies Trump inciting violence against congresswoman

first_imgIn this file photo taken on 7 February 2019 US Representative Ilhan Omar, Democrat of Minnesota, speaks during a press conference calling on Congress to cut funding for US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and to defund border detention facilities, outside the US Capitol in Washington, DC. Photo: AFPThe top Democrat in the US Congress ordered a safety review for a Muslim congresswoman and her family Sunday after accusing president Donald Trump of putting her in danger by tweeting a video of her spliced with footage of the 9/11 attacks.House Speaker Nancy Pelosi took time out from an official trip to issue a strong statement urging Trump to remove the clip featuring Minnesota congresswoman Ilhan Omar.”Following the president’s tweet, I spoke with the sergeant-at-arms to ensure that Capitol Police are conducting a security assessment to safeguard Congresswoman Omar, her family and her staff,” she said.”The president’s words weigh a ton, and his hateful and inflammatory rhetoric creates real danger. President Trump must take down his disrespectful and dangerous video.”Trump’s spokeswoman Sarah Sanders, meanwhile, defended the president Sunday against accusations that he was inciting violence toward Omar.Omar has been at the center of an escalating row after a clip emerged of her characterizing the deadliest attack on US soil as “some people did something.”On Friday, Trump tweeted a video that juxtaposed the snippet, which Omar’s fellow Democrats say was taken out of context, with images of the hijacked planes used in the attacks crashing into the Twin Towers that once dominated New York’s skyline. Menacing music accompanies Omar’s words.The clip, which had been viewed more than 9.4 million times as of Sunday afternoon, ends with the words: “SEPTEMBER 11 2001 WE REMEMBER.”Prominent Democrats including Beto O’Rourke, Kamala Harris and Omar’s fellow first-time Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez were quick to rush to Omar’s defense, accusing the president and other Republicans of deliberately de-contextualizing her remarks and endangering her life.Sanders, however, defended Trump, telling ABC television’s “This Week” that “the president is wishing no ill will and certainly not violence towards anyone.”But, she added: “It’s absolutely abhorrent the comments she continues to make and has made and (Democrats) look the other way.”I find her comments to be absolutely disgraceful and unbefitting of a member of Congress and I think that it’s a good thing that the president is calling her out for those comments, and the big question is why aren’t Democrats doing it as well.”Omar hits backOmar has mounted her own trenchant fight back, tweeting Saturday: “No one person – no matter how corrupt, inept, or vicious – can threaten my unwavering love for America.”I stand undeterred to continue fighting for equal opportunity in our pursuit of happiness for all Americans,” she said.The controversy arose after Omar delivered a 20-minute address to the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR) shortly after the New Zealand mosque attacks in March.”For far too long, we have lived with the discomfort of being a second-class citizen and, frankly, I’m tired of it, and every single Muslim in this country should be tired of it,” she said.”CAIR was founded after 9/11,” she added, “because they recognized that some people did something and that all of us were starting to lose access to our civil liberties.”The civil rights group was in fact founded in 1994 but grew significantly after 2001.The speech did not initially receive significant attention until the snippet in question was highlighted weeks later by controversial Australian personality Mohammad Tawhidi who refers to himself as the “Imam of Peace.”last_img read more

Look up all domain access requests of Firefox extensions before installation

first_imgLook up all domain access requests of Firefox extensions before installation by Martin Brinkmann on July 10, 2018 in Firefox – Last Update: July 10, 2018 – 14 commentsThe Firefox web browser displays extra permissions that an extension requests during installation and won’t proceed with the installation until you activate the add button.Extra permissions may request access to specific domains or all sites on the Internet, to display notifications, or to access the browser tabs.You may notice sometimes that Firefox lists only some of the domains an extension requests access. Firefox displays a number, e.g. 13 other domains, in that case.The prompt offers no option to display the entire list of domains an extension requests access to. You see such a prompt on the screenshot below.The page of the extension on the Mozilla website lists the very same permissions so that it is not possible to verify all domains an extension requests access to using it or the installation prompt.While it is certainly better if extensions requests access to as few domains as possible to provide its functionality, it is a usability issue that you cannot look the information up prior to the installation.Here is a quick guide on how to display all domains without installing the extension.First the manual way:Go to the page of the extension on the Mozilla website or third-party website.Right-click on “add to Firefox” button and select the “Save link as” option.Save the extension file to the local system.Open the folder on the local device the extension was saved to.If you have Bandizip or comparable software installed, right click on the file and select one of the available extraction options.If you don’t use a dedicated software for that, rename the file extension from xpi to zip.Extract the Zip archive using Explorer.Open the folder of the extracted archive.Open manifest.json in a plain text editor, e.g. Notepad.Check permissions; it lists all domains the extension requests access to and all other permissions the extension requests during installation.Extension Source ViewerNow with the help of the Firefox add-on Extension Source Viewer. We reviewed the extension back in 2016, check out the review for additional details. Chrome users can install this extension to verify Chrome extensions. You may also want to check out our precautions to take before installing Chrome extensions guide.Install Extension Source Viewer in Firefox.Right-click on the extension page and select “View extension source”.Select the manifest.json file to inspect it.Check the listed domain permissions.Tip: You may use a web version of Extension Source Viewer if you prefer not to install an extension to check other extensions.Closing WordsMozilla should consider adding an option to the extension page on the Firefox website and the installation prompt to list all domains an extension requests access to. (via Reddit)SummaryArticle NameLook up all domain access requests of Firefox extensions before installationDescriptionThe Firefox web browser displays extra permissions that an extension requests during installation and won’t proceed with the installation until you activate the add button.Author Martin BrinkmannPublisher Ghacks Technology NewsLogo Advertisementlast_img read more

How to use Bootstrap grid system for responsive website design

first_imgBootstrap Origins In 2011, Bootstrap was created by two Twitter employees (Mark Otto and Jacob Thornton) to address the issue of fragmentation of internal tools/platforms. Bootstrap aimed to provide consistency among different web applications that were internally developed at Twitter to reduce redundancy and increase adaptability and reusability. As digital creators, we should always aim to make our applications adaptable and reusable. This will help keep coherency between applications and speed up processes, as we won’t need to create basic foundations over and over again. In today’s tutorial, you will learn what a Bootstrap is, how it relates to Responsive Web Design and its importance to the web industry. When Twitter Blueprint was born, it provided a way to document and share common design patterns/assets within Twitter. This alone is an amazing feature that would make Bootstrap an extremely useful framework. With this more internal developers began contributing towards the Bootstrap project as part of Hackathon week, and the project just exploded. Not long after, it was renamed “Bootstrap” as we know and love it today, and was released as an open source project to the community. A core team led by Mark and Jacob along with a passionate and growing community of developers helped to accelerate the growth of Bootstrap. In early 2012 after a lot of contributions from the core team and the community, Bootstrap 2 was born. It had come a long way from being a framework for providing internal consistency among Twitter tools. It was now a responsive framework using a 12-column grid system. It also provided inbuilt support for Glyphicons and a plethora of other new components. In 2013, Bootstrap 3 was released with a mobile-first approach to design and a fully redesigned set of components using the immensely popular flat design. This is the version many websites use today and it is very suitable for most developers. Bootstrap 4 is the latest stable  release. This article is an excerpt taken from the book,’ Responsive Web Design by Example‘, written by Frahaan Hussain. Why use Bootstrap? You probably have a reasonable idea of why you would use Bootstrap for developing websites after reading its history, but there is more to it. Simply put, it provides the following: A responsive grid, using the design philosophies. Cross browser compatibility, using Normalize.css to ensure elements render consistently across all browsers (which isn’t a very easy task). You might be wondering why it’s difficult. Simply put, there are several different browsers, each with a plethora of versions, which all render content differently. I’ve seen some browsers put a border around an image by default, whereas some browsers don’t. This type of inconsistency will prove to be very bad for user experience. A plethora of UI components, by providing polished UI components as developers, we are going to bring our creativity to life in a much easier way. These components usually allow a team to increase their development velocity since they start from a solid tried and tested foundation. They not only provide good design, but they are usually implemented using best practices in terms of performance and accessibility. A very compact size with only a small footprint. Really fast to develop with, it doesn’t get in the way like many other frameworks, but allows your creativity to shine through. Extremely easy to start using Bootstrap in your website. Bundles common JavaScript plugins such as jQuery. Excellent documentation. Customizable, allowing you to remove any unnecessary features. An amazing community that is always ready, 24/7, to help. It’s pretty clear now that Bootstrap is an amazing framework and that it will help provide consistency among our projects and aid cross browser responsive design. But why use Bootstrap over other frameworks? There are endless responsive frameworks like Bootstrap out there, such as Foundation, W3.CSS, and Skeleton, to mention a few. Bootstrap, however, was one of the first responsive frameworks and is by far the most developed with an ever-growing community. It has documentation online, both official and unofficial, and other frameworks aren’t able to boast about their resources as much as Bootstrap can. Constantly being updated, it makes it the right choice for any website developer. Also, most JavaScript frameworks, such as Angular and React, have bindings to Bootstrap components that will reduce the amount of code and time spent binding it with another framework. It can also be used with tools such as SASS to customize  the components provided further. Bootstrap’s grid system First, let’s cover what a grid system is in general, regardless of the framework you choose to develop your amazing website on top of. Without using a framework, CSS would be used to implement the grid. However, a framework like Bootstrap handles all of the CSS side and provides us with easy-to-use classes. A responsive grid system is composed of two main elements: Columns: These are the horizontal containers for storing content on a single row Rows: These are top level containers for storing columns Your website will have at least one row, but it can have more. Each row can contain containers that span a set number of columns. For example, if the grid system had 100 columns, then a container that spans 50 would be half the width of the browser and/or parent element. Basics of Bootstrap Bootstrap’s grid system consists of 12 columns that can be used to display content. Bootstrap also uses containers (methods for storing the website’s content), rows, and columns to aid in the layout and alignment of the web page’s content. All of these employ HTML classes for usage and will be explained very shortly. The purpose of these are as follows: Columns are used to group snippets of the website’s content, and they, in turn, allow manipulation without disrupting the internal content’s flow. There are two different types of columns: .container: Used for a fixed width, which is set by Bootstrap .container fluid: Used for full width to span the entire browser Rows are used to horizontally group columns, which aids in lining up the site’s content properly: .row: There is only one type of row Columns mentioned previously are a way of setting how wide content should be. The following are the classes used for columns: .col-xs: Designed to display the content only on extra-small screens Max container width—none Triggered when the browser width is below 576px .col-sm: Designed to display the content only on small screens Max container width—540px Triggered when the browser width is above or equal to 576px and below 768px .col-md: Designed to display the content only on medium screens Max container width—720px Triggered when the browser width is above or equal to 768 and below 992px .col-lg: Designed to display the content only on large screens Max container width—960px Triggered when the browser width is above or equal to 992px and below 1200px .col-xl: Designed to display the content only on extra-large screens Max container width—1140px Triggered when the browser width is above or equal to 1200px .col: Designed to be triggered on all screen sizes To set a column’s width, we simply append an integer ranging from 1 to 12 at the end of the class, like so: .col-6: Spans six columns on all screen sizes .col-md-6: Spans six columns only on extra-small screen sizes Later in this chapter, we will run through some examples of how to use these features and how they work together. Usage and examples To use the aforementioned features, the structure is as follows: div with container class div with row class div with column class Content div with column class Content div with column class Content div with column class Content div with row class div with column class Content div with column class Content div with column class Content div with column class Content div with column class Content div with column class Content The following examples may have some CSS styling applied; this does not affect their usage. Equal width columns example We will start off with a simple example that consists of one row and three equal columns on all screen sizes. The following code produces the aforementioned result: You may be scratching your head in regards to the column classes, as they have no numbers appended. This is an amazing feature that will come in useful very often. It allows us, as web developers, to add columns easily, without having to update the numbers, if the width of the columns is equal. In this example, there are three columns, which means the three divs equally span their thirds of the row. Multi-row, equal-width columns example Now let’s extend the previous example to multiple rows: The following code produces the aforementioned result: As you can see, by adding a new row, the columns automatically go to the next row. This is extremely useful for grouping content together. Multi-row, equal-width columns without multiple rows example The title of this example may seem confusing, but you need to read it correctly. We will now cover creating multiple rows using only a single row class. This can be achieved with the help of a display utility class called w-100. The following code produces the aforementioned result: The example shows multiple row divs are not required for multiple rows. But the result isn’t exactly identical, as there is no gap between the rows. This is useful for separating content that is still similar. For example, on a social network, it is common to have posts, and each post will contain information such as its date, title, description, and so on. Each post could be its own row, but within the post, the individual pieces of information could be separated using this class. Differently sized columns Up until now, we have only created rows with equal-width columns. These are useful, but not as useful as being able to set individual sizes. As mentioned in the Bootstrap grid system section, we can easily change the column width by appending a number ranging from 1-12 at the end of the col class. The following code produces the aforementioned result: As you can see, setting the explicit width of a column is very easy, but this applies the width to all screen sizes. You may want it only to be applied on certain screen sizes. The next section will cover this. Differently sized columns with screen size restrictions Let’s use the previous example and expand it to change size responsively on differently sized screens. On extra-large screens, the grid will look like the following: On all other screen sizes it will appear with equal-width columns: The following code produces the aforementioned result: Now we are beginning to use breakpoints that provide a way of creating multiple layouts with minimal extra code to make use of the available real estate fully. Mixing and matching We aren’t restricted to choosing only one break-point, we are able to set breakpoints for all the available screen sizes. The following figures illustrate all screen sizes, from extra-small to extra-large: Extra-small: Small: Medium: Large: Extra-large: The following code produces the aforementioned results: It isn’t necessary for all divs to have the same breakpoints or to have breakpoints at all. Vertical alignment The previous examples provide functionality for use cases, but sometimes the need may arise to align objects vertically. This could technically be done with empty divs, but this wouldn’t be a very elegant solution. Instead, there are alignment classes to help with this as can be seen here: As we can see, you can align rows vertically in one of three positions. The following code produces the aforementioned result: We aren’t restricted to only aligning rows, we can easily align columns relative to each other, as is demonstrated here: The following code produces the aforementioned result: Horizontal alignment As we vertically aligned content in the previous section, we will now cover how easy it is to align content horizontally. The following figures show the results of horizontal alignment: The following code produces the aforementioned result: Column offsetting The need may arise to position content with a slight offset. If the content isn’t centered or at the start or end, this can become problematic, but using column offsetting, we can overcome this issue. Simply add an offset class, with the screen size to target, and how many columns (1-12) the content should be offset by, as can be seen in the following example: The following code produces the aforementioned result: Grid wrap up The examples covered so far will suffice for most websites. There are more techniques for manipulating the grid, which can be found on Bootstrap’s website. If you tried any of the examples, you may have noticed cascading from smaller screen-size classes to larger screen-size classes. This occurs when there are no explicit classes set for a certain screen size. Bootstrap components There are plethora of amazing components that are provided with Bootstrap, thus saving time creating them from scratch. There are components for dropdowns, buttons, images, and so much more. The usage is very similar to that of the grid system, and the same HTML elements we know and love are used with CSS classes to modify and display Bootstrap constructs. I won’t go over every component that Bootstrap offers as that would require an encyclopedia in itself, and many of the commonly used ones will be covered in future chapters through example projects. I would however recommend taking a look at some of the components on Bootstrap’s website. If you have found this post useful, do check out this book, ‘ Responsive Web Design by Example‘ to build engaging responsive websites using frameworks like Bootstrap and upgrade your skills as a web designer. Read Next: Get ready for Bootstrap v4.1; Web developers to strap up their boots Web Development with React and Bootstrap Bootstrap 4 Objects, Components, Flexbox, and Layoutlast_img read more